Wednesday, June 22, 2022

Article Excerpts About The Last Name "Freeman"

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents selected article excerpts and other online information about the last name (surname) Freeman.

The content of this post is presented for historical and onomastic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
Click for a related post entitled "Information About Seven Black People With The First Name Freeman.


These excerpts are presented in no particular order and are numbered for referencing purposes only.

From Freeman History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
"Origins Available: England, Ireland, Scotland

The surname Freeman is a ancient Anglo-Saxon name whose history dates back to the days before the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name is derived from "freomann" or "frigmann," Old English words and personal names meaning "free-born man." [1] [2] [3]

We did find this interesting take on the origin of the name: "In the early days of feudalism two neighbours bearing some common Christian name would be distinguished by epithets denoting their respective conditions, as John le Freeman and John le Bonde, and these epithets would often become family names. In the Hundredorum Rolls we have not only many Le Fremans, but also one Matilda Frewoman, and an Agnes Frewif, or free wife, probably the wife of a bondman." [4]

Early Origins of the Freeman family

The surname Freeman was first found in the county of Essex, where it was borne as a personal name by Freman Sceil in 1188. The first recorded instance of Freeman as a surname appeared shortly thereafter; William Freman was listed in the Feet of Fines of Norfolk in 1196. A few years later, Reginald le Freman was found in the Assize Rolls for Worcestershire in 1221 and Osbert Friman was listed in the Liber Feodorum [5] for Bedfordshire in 1240. As a forename, Freman Sceil was listed in the Pipe Rolls for Essex in 1188. [6]

Later the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: John le Freman, Huntingdonshire; and Geoffrey le Freman, Buckinghamshire. [7]

"This name is confined to the centre of England and to the adjoining eastern and western counties. Two lines drawn west from the Wash and the Thames to the Welsh border will roughly include the principal area of this name, which for au area of its size is remarkably well defined. It is at present most numerous in Suffolk and in Worcester; and likely enough the Freemans of the west and of the east may owe their surname to different events in the history of our country. Not improbably "Freeman" early appeared as an appellation in the counties bordering Wales, since we learn that in the 10th century the Welsh captives, reduced to slavery, were so numerous in the English shires on the border that the proportion of slaves to freemen would seem to have been unusually large. " [8]

The first record of the family in Scotland was Jacob Freman del counte de Pebbles who rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296.


Freeman World Ranking

In the United States, the name Freeman is the 123rd most popular surname with an estimated 184,038 people with that name. [11] However, in Canada, the name Freeman is ranked the 596th most popular surname with an estimated 8,448 people with that name. [12] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Freeman is the 751st popular surname with an estimated 57 people with that name. [13] Australia ranks Freeman as 176th with 17,943 people. [14] New Zealand ranks Freeman as 291st with 2,089 people. [15] The United Kingdom ranks Freeman as 207th with 27,270 people. [16]”….


Freeman Family History

Freeman Name Meaning

English: Variant Of Free. Irish: Anglicized (‘Translated’) Form Of Gaelic Ó Saoraidhe (See Seery). In New England, An English Equivalent Of French Foissy (See Foisy). Translation Of German Freimann (See Freiman).

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press

Similar surnames: Freyman, Frieman, Freiman, Beeman, Redman, Feeman, Freedman, Fleeman


Where is the Freeman family from?

You can see how Freeman families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Freeman family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Freeman families were found in USA in 1880. In 1840 there were 373 Freeman families living in New York. This was about 16% of all the recorded Freeman's in USA. New York had the highest population of Freeman families in 1840.”…

From,%22the%20House%20of%20Bondage%22. Freeman Origin Of Surname; 
Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
“Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name. This Jewish family name is based on values embedded in tradition and history. The Jewish surname Freeman is an English equivalent of the Yiddish Freiman. Frei means "free" in German. Freedom is one of the fundamental principles of Judaism. It is re-asserted year after year at Passover celebrating the Exodus from "the House of Bondage".

In the Diaspora, the term "Free" also had other connotations. In Jewish communities, a 'Free Man' was an unmarried man, a bachelor, which meant that he could be a potential Freier, that is a "suitor". Another meaning of the Yiddish and Hebrew slang word Freier/Fraier is "simpleton/sucker".


The adjective "Free" is documented as a family name in the form of Fray in Paris in 1789. Frey is recorded in France in 1792, Frei in Budapest (Hungary) in 1872. In 1957, a man called Frajermann Frenchified his name to Frajert.

Distinguished bearers of the Jewish family name Freeman include the Ukrainian-born American writer and journalist, Joseph Freeman (1897-1965), the 20th century English-born Canadian attorney, Harold S. Freeman, and the 20th century American composer and pianist, Stan Freeman.”

From [based on 2010 US census]
"Name Census

Freeman Last Name Popularity, Meaning and Origin

In this article we'll look at the origin and meaning of the surname Freeman and how popular it is in the United States. We'll also look at the race and ethnic origin of people in the United States who are named Freeman.

Freeman, like all of the names we have data for, is identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as a surname which has more than 100 occurrences in the United States in the Decennial Census survey. The most recent statistics we have for the Freeman surname is from the 2010 census data.

Where Does Freeman Rank in the Most Common U.S. Names?

According to the data, Freeman is ranked #151 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

The Freeman surname appeared 169,149 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 57.34 would have the surname Freeman.

We can also compare 2010 data for Freeman to data from the previous census in 2000. The table below contains all of the statistics for both years in a side-by-side comparison.

2010         2000  Change (%)

Rank  151    140   7.56%

Count -  169,149  162,686     3.90%

Proportion per 100k   57.34   60.31     -5.05%

Race and Ethnic Origin of People with the Last Name Freeman

We also have some data on the ancestry of people with the surname Freeman.

The below race categories are the modified race categories used in the Census Bureau's population estimates program. All people were categorized into six mutually exclusive racial and Hispanic origin groups: "White only", "Black only", "American Indian and Alaskan Native only", "Asian and Pacific Islander only", "Two or More Races", and "Hispanic".

For the most recent 2010 census data, the race/ethnic origin breakdown for Freeman was:

65.50%, or 110,793 total occurrences, were "Non-Hispanic White Only".

28.34%, or 47,937 total occurrences, were "Non-Hispanic Black Only".

0.52%, or 880 total occurrences, were "Non-Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander Only".

0.95%, or 1,607 total occurrences, were "Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaskan Native".

2.38%, or 4,026 total occurrences, were "Non-Hispanic of Two or More Races".

2.30%, or 3,890 total occurrences, were "Hispanic Origin".

Note: Any fields showing (S) means the data was suppressed for privacy so that the data does not in any way identify any specific individuals.

Since we have data from the previous census in 2000, we can also compare the values to see how the popularity of Freeman has changed in the 10 years between the two census surveys.

2010       2000       Change (%)

White    65.50%  67.96%  -3.69%

Black     28.34%  27.47%  3.12%

Asian and Pacific Islander    0.52%    0.37%    33.71%

American Indian and Alaskan Native    0.95%    0.95%    0.00%

Two or More Races    2.38%    1.76%    29.95%

Hispanic     2.30%    1.49%    42.74%

Data Source(s)

All of the data on this page is sourced from the Decennial Census survey, from the United States Census Bureau.”…
If I correctly understand this article, information about names from the 2020 US census will not be released until 2023.  

From "100 Most Common Black American Surnames (Last Names) From the 2000 US Census"

Surname rank among blacks


[Information given below [Adapted from the US Census Report as given on]

Name---rank for this population---% of people with surname self-identifying as 'Black' (African American) --- U.S. Rank


FREEMAN: 91----27.5%----140
The  #91 means that the surname "Freeman" ranked 91 in the frequency of that last name among Black (African Americans) in the United States.
The #140 means that the surname name "Freeman" ranked 140 in the frequency of that last name among people in the United States regardless of race/ethnicity (according to the 2000 United States census). 

Since there are more non-Black people than Black people in the United State, there are more non-Black people with the last name "Freeman".

However, the percentage of Black people in the United States with the last name "Freeman" is larger than the percentage of White people or other non-Black people in the United States with the last name "Freeman".  

From "50 MOST COMMON AFRICAN AMERICAN SURNAMES (Based on Births among Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Residents) During 1992-2001

Research conducted by Administrator of Allegheny County Health Department

Posted on in 2011 by Ms. Azizi Powell

[Note: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is the largest city in Allegheny County.]

File: surnames

Rank/ Surname/ Birth Counts

36. Freeman (94)
In comparison, the  "Freeman" surname wasn't listed in the 50 most common non-African American surname (based on births among Allegheny County Pennsylvania Residents During 1992-2001).

"Freeman (surname)

Origin: Region of origin England, Ireland, Scotland

Other names: Variant form(s) Free, Freedman, Fry
This Wikipedia page includes a list of notable people with the surname "Freeman" as well as a
list of fictional characters with the surname "Freeman".
As of June 22, 2022 at 7:53 AM ET the list of notable characters doesn’t include Ruby Freeman (birth date?).

Ruby Freeman (also known as “Lady Ruby”) is an African American former small business woman and former Fulton County, Georgia volunteer election worker. Along with her daughter Wandrea ArShaye (Shaye) Moss, Ruby Freeman testified in person at the Jan 6 Capital Assault hearing on June 21, 2022.
Ruby Freeman and her daughter Shaye Moss were falsely accused of election fraud by former President Donald Trump, and his attorneys, and his followers and were threatened and terrorized by those followers.

Click "Mother-daughter election workers targeted by Trump say there’s 'nowhere' they feel safe", June 21, 2022, 4:49 PM EDT; By Adam Edelman
"Emotional testimony at Tuesday's Jan. 6 committee hearing by Ruby Freeman and Shaye Moss underscored the direct and dangerous effects Trump's lies had on election workers.

In harrowing, emotional and painful detail, a mother-daughter duo of Georgia election workers described during Tuesday’s Jan. 6 committee hearing how a mob of Donald Trump supporters came after them, online and in person, after having gobbled up a debunked conspiracy theory about their actions on Election Day 2020.

As a result, their lives will never be the same, the two women, Ruby Freeman and her daughter, Wandrea “Shaye” Moss, said during Tuesday’s hearing.”…

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