Translate

Friday, March 1, 2024

Some YouTube Videos Of Foot Stomping Cheers (With Other Videos Of Similar Children's Stepping Motions & Routines)

swtytwty9988, July 4, 2006
steppingg -snip- I consider this video to be Showcase Video #1 in this pancocojams post. Imagine that girl joined by a least one other girl, but more often with at least four other girls, all of whom are doing the exact same movements while chanting in a distinctive group/soloist pattern to the beat of their foot stomps, hand clapps(and possibly also body patting movements.) That description is an example of foot stomping. 

 ****

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part Ii of a two part pancocojams series about the demise and survival of foot stomping cheers.

This pancocojams post 
showcases some YouTube video examples of children doing steps that are similar to foot stomping cheers. This post also showcases some examples of children or teens doing foot stomping cheers in a circle or a line formation.

The Addendum to this post showcases three YouTube videos of stomp and shake cheerleading routines. I've included these examples because  I believe that some stomp and shake routines demonstrate that movement form's partial derivation from foot stomping movements and stepping.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2024/03/the-demise-and-survival-of-african.html for Part I of this pancocojams series. That post provides an overview of the textual structure and performance of foot stomping cheers and includes my comments about how some of those cheers have survived in the 2000s. Videos of foot stomping cheer-like routines are included in this post.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to the unknown composer/s of these cheers. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post, the performers who are featured in these videos, and the publishers of these videos on YouTube.

****
A BRIEF DEFINITION OF FOOT STOMPING CHEERS 
"Foot stomping cheers" is a relatively new category of children's recreational play that involves chanting and choreographed foot and hand clapping movements. The earliest documentation of these types of cheerleader cheers is the 1978 vinyl record entitled Old Mother Hippletoe, Rural and Urban Children's Songs. That record included four children's cheers, two of which I'd categorize as foot stomping cheers.
 
Foot stomping cheers are formulaic compositions which have a modified call & response structure that I refer to as "group/consecutive soloist". What "group/consecutive soloist" means is that the group voice is the first voice that is heard in those cheers. A designated soloist responds to the rest of the group's words and those voices alternate until that rendition ends (usually with the soloist's voice or the soloist & the rest of the group's voice). However, the cheer immediately begins again with the next designated soloist and this pattern continues until every member of the group has had a turn as the soloist.

Foot stomping cheers are chanted while their performers execute choreographed, syncopated, percussive movement routines that are very similar to African American originated Greek lettered fraternity & sorority stepping (steppin).

****

PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE
Although I've come across some YouTube videos of one or more people chanting versions of foot stomping cheers, unfortunately, I've only found a very small number of  YouTube videos of groups performing the movements to foot stomping cheers the way that I recall them being performed in the 1980s, the 1990s, and the early 2000s.

Here are three 
Sesame Street videos that give some sense of how foot stomping cheers were performed:


SHOWCASE VIDEO #2

Sesame Street - Three Girls clap a song about Vegetables



wattamack4, Uploaded on Jul 31, 2007

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #3

Sesame Street - Girls clap out a song about K



wattamack4, Uploaded on Jul 11, 2007
-snip-
The tune for this chant is exactly the same tune that I remember for the "L-O-V-E" cheer that is given below. However, the foot sliding in the front motion is different from the movements that I recall observing for this cheer, and I didn't observe girls performing that cheer standing in that formation.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #4

Sesame Street - Girls clap out a song about seven



wattamack4, Uploaded on Aug 1, 2007
-snip-
Here's a comment from that video's discussion thread:

dubbsakamelodee, 2009
"LOL! What they were doing was "stepping." it's derived from African cultures. Africans used to "step" as a way to prepare for war or celebrate. Today, it is celebrated as a form of song and dance. And speaking of boys, I know that little boy in the middle had to get some kind of slack for being the only one with all those girls at that age."
-snip-
That comment highlights the similarity between the movement arts of "foot stomping cheers" and "steppin/g". Besides who performed these two movements arts, and when they are performed, and the difference types of chanting that occurs while these movements are performed, the main difference is that once a foot stomping begins, the choreographed, synchornized movements continue in metronone fashion until that chanting is ended (i.e. until everyone in the group has a turn as the soloist.)

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #5
Here's a video of a historically Black university cheerleading squad chanting in a circle before a basketball game. I consider this chant a foot stomping cheer, although the group isn't doing  hard bass sounding foot stomps and the soloist performs movements and doesn't chant as soloist did/do for most foot stomping cheer.

Shaw Cheerleaders "Move Girl"



Brandon Thurman, Jan 9, 2011

Shaw High School Cheerleaders Before the game hype
-snip-
Here are the words to that cheer:
"You betta move girl you betta move. (3x). Now drop it low."

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #6
Here's a video of young African American girls performing a foot stomping cheer in a line The soloist does a movement without saying any words:

Popcorn On A Train



Ashaletta Johnson, May 14, 2011

The Pinks 
-snip-
The publisher of this video shared in a comment that this group is from Durham, North Carolina
 
Here are the words to that cheer as chanted by this group*:

Popcorn on a train.
Popcorn on a train.
Watch [girl's name] do her thing.
She said ah
Boom tic tic Boom tic.
Boom tic tic Boom tic.
Popcorn on a train.
[The girl whose name is called does a gymnastic motion]
The cheer then repeats from the beginning with the next girl whose name is chanted. That girl also does a gymnastic motion, a different one or one that has been done before.]

[When all the girls have had one turn as the soloist, they all say in unison]
Popcorn on a train.
Popcorn on a train.
Watch The Pinks [group name] do their thing.
We said ah
Boom tic tic Boom tic.
Boom tic tic Boom tic.
Popcorn on a train.
-snip-
*Transcription by Azizi Powell, with corrections by the video publisher, Ashaletta Johnson.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #7
"Rock It" as performed by the cheerleading group in the video below isn't a foot stomping cheer because the cheer is chanted in unison. (Foot stomping cheers have a distinctive  group/consecultive soloist textual structure.)

Dailey Tigers - Rock It



dailey tigers, Dec 8, 2013

-snip-
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPswNBnwvLQ&ab_channel=daileytigers for a YouTube video of the Dailey Tigers performing "Rock Steady". That well known cheerleader cheer isn't a foot stomping cheer because it is chanted in unison. However, the foot stomping/hand clapping  movement routine that the girls perform is similar to how foot stomping routines were/are performed.    

However, the foot stomping/hand clapping movement that is documented in the following YouTube video is quite similar to the movements that were/are done for some foot stomping cheers.

****
ADDENDUM -TWO VIDEOS OF HIGH SCHOOL STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADING
I believe that a lot of the stepping and hand clapping movements (but not the cheers' words or textual structure) are very similar to foot stomping cheers' choreographed, synchronized, percussive, bass sounding movements. Also, foot stomping movements are derived from historically Black Greek letter stepping. However, there are significant differences between the textual structure of all three of these chants/cheers and the way those words are chanted.

Here are three YouTube videos of high school stomp and shake cheerleading that demonstrate the foot stomping cheer lineage:

These cheers are given without any transcriptions of the words that are chanted).

STOMP AND SHAKE SHOWCASE VIDEO #1

Pump It Up



Sanura Kelly, June 14, 2022

****
STOMP AND SHAKE SHOWCASE VIDEO #2

We Want A Basket



WestWood cheer, November 26, 2018 [Westwood High School, South Carolina]
-snip-
This is an example of a stomp and shake bleacher cheer. These cheers are also known as "stand cheers") because they are performed by cheerleaders either seated or standing or both in the gym stands (bleachers) while the competitive basketball game occurs.

****
STOMP AND SHAKE SHOWCASE VIDEO #3

THESE CHEERLEADERS HAD THE CROWD ON THEIR FEET!


Stomp ‘N Shake Entertainment, Sep 9, 2023  #stompnshake #stompandshake #hbcu

WE TOOK A TRIP OVER TO INDEPENDENCE HIGH SCHOOL TO WATCH THE INDEPENDENCE HS VS. SOUTH MECK HS GAME! BOTH OF THE CHEERLEADING TEAMS DID A GOOD JOB KEEPING THE GAME EXCITING AND THE CROWD ON THEIR TOES!

****

RELATED LINKS:
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/05/an-overview-of-black-greek-letter.html for a post about historically Black (African American) Greek letter steppin (stepping).

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/05/overview-of-stomp-shake-cheerleading.html for an overview of stomp & shake cheerleading.

****
This concludes Part II of this pancocojams post.

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome. 

The Demise And Survival Of African American Girls' Foot Stomping Cheers- Part I (History & Commentary With A Video & Examples)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part I of a two part pancocojams series about the demise and survival of foot stomping cheers.

This pancocojams post provides an overview of the textual structure and performance of foot stomping cheers and includes my comments about how some of those cheers have survived in the 2000s. Videos of foot stomping cheer-like routines are included in this post.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2024/03/some-youtube-videos-of-foot-stomping.html  for Part II of this pancocojams series. That post showcases some examples of foot stomping cheers. That post also presents some examples of stomp and shake cheerleading routines as I believe those routines show some of their derivation from foot stomping movements.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to the unknown composer/s of these cheers. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post, the performers who are featured in these videos, and the publishers of these videos on YouTube.
-snip-
Most of this post is a revision of a 2021 pancocojams post on foot stomping cheers that I have deleted.  

****
A DEFINITION AND A BRIEF HISTORY OF FOOT STOMPING CHEERS 
"Foot stomping cheers" is a relatively new category of children's recreational play that involves chanting and choreographed foot and hand clapping movements. The earliest documentation of these types of cheerleader cheers is the 1978 vinyl record entitled Old Mother Hippletoe, Rural and Urban Children's Songs. That record included four children's cheers, two of which I'd categorize as foot stomping cheers. 

Foot stomping cheers are formulaic compositions which have a modified call & response structure that I refer to as "group/consecutive soloist". What "group/consecutive soloist" means is that the group voice is the first voice that is heard in those cheers. A designated soloist responds to the rest of the group's words and those voices alternate until that rendition ends (usually with the soloist's voice or the soloist & the rest of the group's voice). However, the cheer immediately begins again with the next designated soloist and this pattern continues until every member of the group has had a turn as the soloist.

Foot stomping cheers are chanted while their performers execute choreographed, syncopated, percussive movement routines that are very similar to African American originated Greek lettered fraternity & sorority stepping (steppin).

Most foot stomping cheers use this beat pattern: "stomp clap/ stomp stomp/ clap". Another beat pattern is "stomp stomp clap/ stomp stomp clap." Those two standard beat patterns appear to be used for all foot stomping cheers. Moderate tempo 4/4 beats created by those foot stomps alternate with the chanters'(individual) hand claps, body pats (especially thigh pats), and less frequently, finger snaps. Because these 4/4 beats are omnipresent in R&B, Hip-Hop, Rock, Gospel, and other forms of music, foot stomping cheer routines are much more a part of African American cultural aesthetics than White American cultural aesthetics.

I've been collecting examples of foot stomping cheers from my direct (face to face) collection in the mid 1980s to around 2008, from the 
Old Mother Hippletoe, Rural and Urban Children's Songs, from several books on African American children's culture, from online sources including YouTube videos and their discussion threads (when comments to children's videos were allowed).,and from my no longer active cultural website cocojams.com. I also found examples of this subset of children's cheers on other websites and blogs, particularly those which cater/ed to African Americans such as discussion threads where that were dedicated to members of historically Black Greek letter sororities, and lipstick alley.com discussion threads.

I coined the term "foot stomping cheers" in 2000 to distinguish examples of that category from other cheerleader cheers. However, it appears from my direct observations and from my online collection that girls usually referred to these examples as "cheers" or  "steps". 

It should be noted that this post on foot stomping cheers isn't about "stomp cheers" (also called "stomps"). The textual structure (words) of stomp cheers may be the same as the words for early foot stomping cheers. However, usually stomp cheers' words and movements are slightly or very different from early foot stomping cheers. 

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2014/11/how-stomp-cheers-differ-from-foot.html "How Stomp Cheers Differ From Foot Stomping Cheers".

The well known 1977 record "We Will Rock You" by Queen is a very familiar Rock song that could serve as an example of the type of beat that is used for foot stomping routines - (recognizing, of course, that foot stomping chants aren't meant to be performed to recorded music).Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tJYN-eG1zk&ab_channel=QueenOfficial for a sound file of that song. 

The "Shabooya Roll Call" cheer that is performed in the 2006 cheerleading movie Bring It On All Or Nothing is probably the most well known example of a foot stomping cheer. However, I don't consider the stepping/dance movement that the girls do in that movie while chanting to the way that foot stomping routines were (are) performed.

The scarity of post 2009 text examples and the lack of recent online references to these cheers leads me to believe that foot stomping cheers are rarely, if ever, performed anymore with the same choreographed foot stomping routines that they were originally performed. .

Unfortunately, I've only found a few YouTube videos of the 
performance of foot stomping cheers and those examples are usually labeled as "cheers" or "steps" without any recognition that their movement routines and/or their words represent a certain sub-set of cheers or steps. YouTube video examples of the cheers "Introduce Yourself" and "Shabooya Roll Call" from the Bring It On cheerleader movies provide an exaggerated or modified versions of foot stomping cheers.Furthermore, most of the videos of the performances of foot stomping cheers as I recall observing them from as I recall them from the 1980s, 1990s, and the early 2000s are no longer available. However, I've found a number of word only examples of a foot stomping cheers online. I've compiled those examples in a five part pancocojams series. Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2016/09/foot-stomping-cheers-alphabetical-list.html  "Pancocojams Compilation Of Foot Stomping Cheers (Alphabetical List: Numbers - C)" for Part I of that series entitled . The links to the other posts in that series are given in that post.  . 
****
- Think
- Your Left
- Cheering Is My Game
- Hollywood Now Swingin' / Dynomite
-snip-
Only two of those cheers fit the textual structural description of what I call "foot stomping cheers" - "Cheering Is My Game" and "Hollywood Now Swingin'/Dynomite". I believe that the last recorded cheer is a combination of two independent [stand alone] cheers - "Hollywood Now Swingin'" and "Dynomite". I have directly collected several examples of "Cheering Is My Game" and "Hollywood Now Swinging" cheers from the 1980s in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. And I have found some online examples of "Cheering Is My Name" (with different titles such as "Cheerleader" and "Cheerleader Roll Call") and lots of examples of "Hollywood" (with that title and other titles such as "Hollywood Swinging" and "Hollywood Goes Swinging" from the 1980s and 1990s in multiple African American communities throughout the United States.

While it's not a footstomping cheer, it's interesting to note that the cheer entitled "Your Left" in
the 1978 vinyl record Old Mother Hippletoe: Rural and Urban Children’s Songs is the earliest documented example that I've found of the rhyme/cheer that's now very widely known as "Bang Bang Choo Choo Train". The title "Your Left" points to one of that cheer's sources - the Duckworth Chant military cadence.
-snip-
Given the racial composition of Washington D.C. in the 1970s, is reasonable to assume that the Washington D.C. school girls were African American. "School girls" usually refers to females who are pre-college/university age (ages 5- 18 years). Given the references to boyfriends in those examples my guess is that those particular school girls were at least 10 years old. My documentation of what I call "foot stomping cheers" in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1980-2005), those who performed those cheers were African American girls who usually were between 6 years old and 13 years old.

Kate Rinzler, the collector of the cheers featured in Old Mother Hippletoes also wrote the album's notes. In those notes, Rinzler refers to these examples as "neighborhood cheers" and wrote:
"Unlike the more communal games, neighborhood cheerleading as performed by girls in Washington, D.C., requires rehearsal and is often dominated by a single dynamic girl who solicits recruits and kicks out slackers. Girls practice by themselves, best friends cheer together, groups proliferate, and everyone who wants to gets into the act.

In 1973-75, fieldwork for the Festival of American Folklife revealed cheerleading girls taking turns doing a dance step or a simple gymnastic trick. In 1976, perhaps because of the popularity on television of the Olympic Games, there was a sudden citywide interest in gymnastic pyrotechnics: complete frontward and sideward splits, forward and backward flips,
and cartwheels ending in jumped splits.

The texts of the cheers suit the girls' growing sense of attractiveness, group solidarity, and allegiance to school and boyfriend. They also attest to their knowledge and misinformation about forbidden subjects —inebriation, aggression, sexuality—and to their interest in the heroes and heroines of movies that exploit these subjects."
-end of quote-

Notice that these cheer examples were documented as being part of the recreational play of girls pretending to be cheerleaders. This is in contrast to cheers that actual school cheerleaders performed using foot stomping and hand clap motions as early as 2000. These cheerleading movements and their accompanying chants are similar but not the same as the recreational activity that I refer to as foot stomping cheers. 

Although those album notes make no reference to this, it's reasonable to assume that, like other recreational play, and like the foot stomping cheers that I observed my daughter and her friends perform in the 1980s, and other children perform since then, there is usually no formal audience for foot stomping cheers. The girls pretending to be cheerleaders perform in front of pretend audiences. They perform in groups of two or in a small group to learn the words to specific cheers and to master the specific cheer routines that they have choreographed.

My direct experiences with foot stomping cheers are largely from my observations of my daughter and her friends performing foot stomping cheers in the mid 1980s, and from other African American girls performing those cheers in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania and some other surrouding communities from the mid 1980s to around 2007. These girls referred to cheer performances as "doing cheers" or "doing steps". (The word "steps" is most closely associated with the movement art of steppin/g that is performed by historically Black (African American) Greek letter fraternities and sororities. That movement art became more widely known in the 1970s around the same time that foot stomping cheers became known.

My position is that "foot stomping cheer movements -but not the textual (word) structure of foot stomping cheers- developed from historical Black Greek letter fraternity and sorority stepping. The textual structure of historically Black Greek letter fraternity and sorority chants is different from the textual structure of foot stomping cheers. 

While historically Black Greek letter fraternity and sorority cheers are chanted in unison, foot stomping cheers have a distinctive call & response structure that I refer to as "group/consecutive soloists". The group voice is usually heard first, eventually followed by a soloist. The soloist usually says some words or does a dance or some other movement alone. The rest of the group may or may not repeat what the soloist says or does. The entire cheer immediately starts again from the beginning with a new soloist who has the same amount of time as the previous soloist. This pattern continues until every member of the group has one equal turn as the soloist for that cheer.  

Stomp and shake cheerleading also appears to have developed in the late 1970s. That  African American originated style of cheerleading is an offshoot of "mainstream" cheerleading. I believe that Stomp and Shake cheerleading and foot stomping cheers were greatly influenced by Washington D.C. based go go music and by funk music of the late 1970s.

Kate Rinzler wrote that the girls she recorded in 1976 doing those "neighborhood cheers" did back flips and splits. She might have been referring to the other cheers that she collected during that session- Read my earlier comments. In my observations (in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and surrounding communities) no back flips, splits, or other gymnastic moves were done during foot stomping cheer performances. Instead, for the solo portions, girls did moves from currently popular R&B/Hip Hop dances.

Foot stomping cheers are part of children's recreational play, and therefore have no known composers or choreographers. For that reason, they belong to no one and anyone can chant or perform them. This is very different from the social disapproval that is attached to people chanting or performing fraternity/sorority step chants and/or chanting and/or performing certain stomp and shake cheers. In those performance arts, certain chants/cheers and certain movements are signature cultural products of those groups and non-members are socially prohibited from using them, unless-particularly in the case of stomp and shake cheers- they receive direct permission from the cheer squads which composed and choreographed those cheers.

****
THE STRUCTURE, THEMES, AND WORDS OF FOOT STOMPING CHEERS
Here's information about the structure, themes, and words of foot stomping cheers as indicated by the examples given in the Old Mother Hippletoe album suggests, and as I have documented from my direct collecting from 1980s to 2010, and my online collecting to date:

1. Foot stomping cheers are composed using a variant form of call & response that I've termed "group/consecutive soloists".

Usually the group voice (often without the first soloist) is heard first. The soloist then responds to the group.

This pattern continues, and usually the soloist then has a short solo portion. The group may or may not chant again before the cheer begins again from the beginning with a new soloist. This pattern continues until every member of the group has had one equal (same amount of time) turn as the soloist. My experience is that the order of soloist is determined before the cheer begins, often with girls trying to be the first to call out "first", "second", "third" etc.

2. I believe the earliest formation for these cheers was a circle with the soloist in the middle. That circle formation changed to semi-circles or a line or lines (usually a horizontal line) when foot stomping cheers began to be performed in front of actual audiences and not casual onlookers or imagined audiences.

My experiences of foot stomping cheers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was with girls standing in semi-circles or in horizontal lines (or two vertical lines which merged into one while performing a particular introduction cheer.). It wasn't until those cheers were performed on stage as part of a game song group that I founded that I observed the soloist stepping up (performing stepping moves) to the front of the other girls and then, still facing forward, moving back to a place in the line while the new soloist stepped to the front of the other girls.

3. Unlike folk songs, these cheers feature only a limited amount of improvisation and choices of what words to say. My experience is that some cheers had "fixed" words, including the soloists' words. In other cheers, a certain amount of line choices and/or improvisation was expected in the soloists' portion. It appeared to me that girls memorized key lines and used them in those cheers that allowed for improvisation, as long as those lines fit the same theme as the cheer, and as long as those lines fit the same beat as the cheer. However, it was easy to fit lines with the beat, since, in my experience there were only two beat patterns used for foot stomping cheers.

4. Drama (role playing) is supposed to be an important part of chanting insult/bragging foot stomping cheers. These cheer performances fail if the stompers/chanters don't have "attitude" (i.e. How they say the cheer (intonation), their facial expressions, their moves and body gestures are supposed to support and reinforce the word of the cheer. For instance, in confrontational (insult, bragging) cheers the girls are pretending to have disdain for and aggressive stance toward their (imaginary, unnamed) opponent.

5. The following beat patterns were (are?) standard for foot stomping cheers: 
"stomp clap stomp stomp clap" or ""stomp stomp clap, stomp stomp clap". The beat of the cheer's tune determined which of these beat pattern was used. Judging from my direct observation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area from the mid 1980s to around 2007, "stomp clap; stomp stomp clap" appears to have been the most often used foot stomping cheers. Either one or the other beat patterns is used for a particular cheer. They aren't combined. 

Once this beat pattern started it was done throughout the entire cheer, unless someone went "off beat" (messed up the beat by stomping when they were supposed to clap, stomping on the wrong foot, saying words that didn't fit the pattern of the cheer etc.) When that happened, the cheer had to start again from the beginning. For that reason, I've observed that girls would usually sit out a cheer that they weren't sure that they really knew rather than be responsible for messing up a cheer (and getting static about it from the other girls who were doing the cheer.). 

Cheer foot stomping always starts with the right foot.

The "stomp" portion of this pattern is made by hitting the foot hard on the ground to make a bass sound. The "clap" portion of the cheer was made by girls clapping their own hands (individual hand claps). In some cheers, girls alternated body pats with stomps. Hands could be clapped in front of a girl, between her legs, or less often - as I have observed, over her head.

While the words to foot stomping cheers are important, the most important thing in the performance of foot stomping cheers is keeping the beat. Foot stomping is performed in a metronome like manner throughout the entire cheer. Once the beat starts, with very few exceptions, the exact same beat continues until the end of the cheer.

The idea of a metronome beat can best be demonstrated by the Pop group Queen's 1977 hit song "We Will Rock You". Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tJYN-eG1zk&ab_channel=QueenOfficial for the official video of that record.

The "We will we will rock you" words of that song are used in a number of mainstream cheerleader cheers.

****
THE DEMISE OF FOOT STOMPING CHEERS AS AN AFRICAN AMERICAN GIRLS' GROUP ACTIVITY
I began collecting mostly African American children's rhymes, singing games, and cheers in the mid-1980s both face to face and online. Around 2009 I stopped collecting children's rhymes and cheers offline (through observation and directly asking children about their recreational activities).  I still search online for these cheers, but haven't come across any examples after 2009 or so.  

My guess is that foot stomping cheers are rarely performed anymore, at least not the way they were in the late 1970s and the 1980s to the early 2000s. A few foot stomping cheers have survived, but when they are performed by high school cheerleading squads, those foot stomping movements have been considerably reduced, modified, or completely removed. Most of these cheers have been performed by mostly White cheerleading squads who refer to their performances ad doing "stomps". 

i believe that the main reason why these changes occurred/occur is because the way that how foot stomping is done is much less culturally familiar to non-Black Americans and is thus much more difficult for non-Black cheerleaders to do. That said, I should also note that I've happened upon several YouTube videos which show African American children/teens chanting or singing the words to what I recognize as foot stomping cheers as cheerleaders or during camp experiences and those Black children/teens aren't doing foot stomp routines like the ones that I observed in the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s.

*The "Introduce Yourself" cheer in the first Bring It On cheerleader movie is an example of a foot stomping cheer whose original movements have been changed to greatly reduce or completely remove foot stomping. in Bring It On: All Or Nothing, another movie in that series, I believe the foot stomping element was changed in other ways, resulting in greatly exaggerated dance motions.

However, YouTube videos, a few other internet sites (such as pdfs and websites that provide text examples of cheerleading cheers), and some cheerleader movies (such as the Bring It On movies)  document that the words for some foot stomping cheers are still being chanted, although the word and textual pattern of these "surviving" foot stomping cheers are usually not the same as  the same as the words and textual pattern of their early versions.

The call & response textual (word) structure of some contemporary African American cheers are evidence of their foot stomping cheer lineage. However, the limited time restraints that cheerleaders operate with during athletic competitions means that those cheers have to be shortened and can't possibly meet the "consecutive soloist expectation. That expectation is at the core of foot stomping cheer performances. It stipulates that every soloist must have an equal time as a soloist during the same rendition of every cheer.

It also seems to mean that 
the spirit and sassy attitudes of confrontational foot stomping cheers are largely missing from performances that I've watched online of these surviving cheers (with usually have modified textual structures and movement routines).

A few YouTube video examples of foot stomping cheers are presented below. However, in my opinion, some contemporary videos of high school stomp and shake cheerleading squads, and particularly some videos of high school stomp and shake cheerleaders bleacher (stand) cheer are the closest that one can get to how the foot stomping cheer movement routines were done, besides for foot stomping videos themselves. 

Also, some surviving foot stomping cheers don't include the back and forth introductions which I call "command/compliance" patterns. If those exchanges are included in the cheers my guess is that the performers and their audience don't understand their cultural significance.

****
THE SURVIVAL OF AT LEAST ONE FOOT STOMPING CHEER (WITHOUT ITS FOOT STOMPING MOVEMENT) - 'JUMP IN JUMP OUT (AND TURN YOURSELF AROUND"
A few foot stomping cheers have survived as "camp songs" and/or as "brain break" activities in some (usually) elementary schools . In most cases, these cheers/musical activities are taught to children by adults rather and children rarely self-initiate them as was previously done before 2009 or so when the custom of foot stomping "died out".

Here's 2008 video of female and male teenagers from a South African camp performing the African American foot stomping cheer "Jump In Jump Out" at a camp:

Jump In Jump Out



Dan Weir, Dec 24, 2008

First song for campers and staff to sing at Camp Sizanani

"Jump In

Jump Out

Turn yourself around

Jump In

Jump Out

Introduce yourself!"
-snip-
From Sizanani from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Sizanani
"...hOperating in the Magaliesburg area in North West Province, South Africa, Camp Sizanani offers multiple camp sessions throughout the year for children aged twelve through nineteen whose lives have been affected by HIV/AIDS."...
-snip-
The words that are given in that video's summary are only a partial transcription of the cheer that the teenagers say. It doesn't include the call and response portion in which a soloist says "My name is __" and the group responds "Yeah" and the soloist says "I like to ___ [says what he or she likes to do] and the group says "Yeah" and then the soloist says "I like to __ for the rest of my life". At that point the group and the soloist perform that same movement/dance while saying "for the rest of her [or his] life".

There at least two White adults in the circle that is formed for this game. Given the summary statement that is included with this video, it's likely that those White adults (and/or possibly other adults) taught those teens that "camp song". 

These South African teenagers don't perform that cheer the way I recall watching my daughter and her girl friends performed it in the mid 1980s in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. I watched them doing choreographed, percussive foot stomps combined with individual hand claps to the beat of the chant as well jumping to the front and to the back and then turning around when they said those words. The soloist also did a brief dance when it was her or his turn. In this video the only movements for this cheer that the African teens perform are the movements corresponding to the cheer's words and the individual dance that the soloist does. That may be because the White students who taught those African teens that rhyme didn't know how to do the choreographic percussive foot stomping cheer motions.

That cheer is exactly the same as this cheer that my daughter collected from African American school age girls at a Pittsburgh area summer camp when she was a counselor at that camp the mid 1980s.

JUMP IN JUMP OUT (Version#1)
All: Jump in, Jump out.
And turn yourself about.
Jump in, Jump out.
And turn yourself about.
Soloist #1: My name is Kadiyah.
Group (except soloist): Yeah.
Soloist #1: I like to dance, dance.
I want to be a dancer all the rest of my life.
Group: All the rest of her life.
All: Jump in, Jump out.
And turn yourself about.
Jump in, Jump out.
And turn yourself about.
Soloist #1: My name is Michaela.
Group: Yeah.
Soloist #1: I like to cheer, cheer.
I want to be a cheerleader for the rest of my life.
Group: For the rest of her life.

Repeat the cheer from the beginning with the next soloist and continue until every member of the group has had one turn as soloist.
-African American girls ages 9-11 years from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's Lillian Taylor Camp; collected by Tazi M.(Powell) Hughes in the late 1980s or 1991, transcribed from a cassette tape by Azizi Powell in1996

-end of quote-

Here's another foot stomping cheer example of "Jump In Jump Out" 

JUMP IN JUMP OUT (Version #2)
I remember this from a show i watched:
jump in jump out turn yourself around. jump in jump out
introduce yourself my name is keisysha. what. i'm nine
huh. and i'm so fine everyday of my life. everyday of her
life. and you go on until everyone gets a turn. and don't forget to rhyme.
have fun. but i wish i new more but i'm only 12. bye and keep sending chants.
-db, 3/08/2006, cocojams.com
-snip-
My guess is that the television show that this contributor referred to was a 1998 version of Gullah Gullah Island. 

Cocojams.com was the name of my cultural website. That website was online from January 2001 to November 2014 when I voluntarily de-activated it, in part to concentrate on this pancocojams blog. Cocojams had an easy to use page where visitors could submit rhyme and cheer examples without including their emails. Many of those rhyme and cheer examples were from self-identified children and pre-teens.

https://cocojams2.blogspot.com is pancocojams' "sister blog" which includes a lot of the examples of rhymes that were found on cocojams.com.
  
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2016/09/foot-stomping-cheers-alphabetical-list_6.html for five examples of the "Jump In Jump Out" foot stomping cheer that are included in my pancocojams collection of foot stomping cheers (not including that Camp Sizanani example).

I plan to publish a pancocojams post about "Jump In Jump Out" cheers/musical activities in the very near future. I'll add the link to that post here.

****
This concludes Part I of this two part pancocojams series.

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

 

Thursday, February 29, 2024

Stomp And Shake Cheer "Put That Ball In That Hoop" (Also Known As "Shoot That Ball") Videos, Words, & Comments


TINA PLUNK, Aug 15, 2018

****
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases four YouTube videos of the stomp and shake cheer "Put That Ball In The Hoop". That cheer is also known as "Shoot That Ball".

Several text (word only) versions of that cheer are included in this post from comments that were published in the discussion thread for the video that is showcased at the top of this post (herein known as Video #1). 

The content of this post is presented for cultural and recreational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. 

****
WORDS FOR THE CHEER PERFORMED IN VIDEO #1*

One cheerleader (known as the caller chants:

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

Show out

All cheerleaders - Put that ball up in that hoop

HOOP!

All cheerleaders repeat the "Put that ball in the hoop" verse

and then repeat the "Show out" portion.

Repeat the entire cheer except for the beginning "Show out" portion.

At the end of cheer, all cheerleaders chant - Hoop! Hoop!

*This is my transcription of that cheer from that video. Additions and corrections are welcome.

"Show out" = means to "show off"; "Do your very best"

****
SELECTED COMMENTS FROM THE DISCUSSION THREAD FOR VIDEO #1
Numbers are added for referencing purposes only.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yhc3XCXl7xA


1. 
@itsbrianna4900,2019
"Put that ball in that hoop HOOP"

**
Reply
2. @trentitynottrinity8655,2019
"my school says "shoot that ball"

**
Reply
3. @ryleegipson4831, 2019
"same"

**
Reply
4. @daniellesobers212, 2019
"nevaeh _desiree mine too"

**
Reply
5. @laurenchristi, 2019
"yea we say “shoot that ball , shoot-shoot that ball what what” or sum like det"

**
Reply
6. @trentitynottrinity8655, 2019
"Lauren Glover sameee"

**
Reply
7. @myramilann5658, 2019
"HEY HEY"

**
Reply
8. @liyaadaadonn412, 2019
"We do this too but call it out like: Shoot the ball for Echo:Shoot 2 i said shoot the ball for then Echo: Shoot 2 again ,then the cheer we say drop that ball down that hoop but its the same stomps doe"

**
Reply
10. @kyiahjacobs9040, 2019
"Liyaa Monaee we do to but it shoot that ball shoot that ball hey hey"

**
Reply
11. @llouanaya, 2019
"Kyiah Jacobs same they be like shoot dat ball shoot shoot that ball aye aye"

**
Reply
12. @kennedyy24, 2019
"When they clapped around in a circle what did they say. It was fire tho"

**
Reply
13. @trinityboyer1971, 2019
"KEA'S Korner they’re saying show out"

****
ADDITIONAL SHOWCASE VIDEOS
These videos are given in no particular order and are numbered for referencing purposes only.

SHOWCASE VIDEO #2 - Show Out (Put That Ball in the Hoop)

Hanna Johnson, Dec 1, 2020
-snip-
The words and motions are the same as Video #1

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #3 - Shoot that ball

HMS cheer, Oct 27, 2022
-snip-
Words* 

Shoot that ball
Shoot, Shoot that ball
aye aye
Shoot that ball
Shoot Shoot that ball
aye aye

*This is my transcription of that cheer from that video. Additions and corrections are welcome.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #4 -Shoot that ball


Sheyanne Warren, Oct 18, 2023
-snip-
The words to this bleacher cheer (stand cheer) are basically the same as 
the words that are given for Video #3.

"Bleacher cheers (also known as "stand cheers") are stomp and shake cheers that
cheerleaders perform while sitting or standing in the gym's bleachers. "Stand" is another name for "bleachers"- the indoor or outdoor benches that people sit on to watch a sports game.

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.  


Wednesday, February 28, 2024

African American Elementary School Students' Hair Styles As Documented In Five Black History Month Performances (2013-2023)


Urban Music, Jun 8, 2023

Music Video made and produced by the students and teachers of Dilworth School in Pittsburgh PA.

****
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases several YouTube videos of African American children's Black History Month performances. In addition to their information and creativity, these videos document various hair styles that are worn by the students during those time periods. 

This pancocojams post also includes brief information about Black History Month in the United States.

The content of this post is presented for historical, cultural, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post.  
-snip-
This post is closely related to a five part pancocojams series entitled "Some Hair Styles Worn By Black Girls In Africa And In The African Diaspora".

Click 
https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2024/02/videos-examples-of-black-high-school.html for Part I of that series. The links to the other posts in that series are given in each of those posts.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT BLACK HISTORY MONTH IN THE UNITED STATES
From https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/black-history-month "Black History Month, by Kay Boatner," [no publishing date given, retrieved Feb.28, 2024)

"Every February, people in the United States celebrate the achievements and history of African Americans as part of Black History Month.

HOW IT STARTED  

In 1915, in response to the lack of information on the accomplishments of Black people available to the public, historian Carter G. Woodson co-founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. In 1926, the group declared the second week of February as “Negro History Week” to recognize the contributions of African Americans to U.S. history. Few people studied Black history and it wasn't included in textbooks prior to the creation of Negro History Week.

This week was chosen because it includes the birthdays of both Frederick Douglass, an abolitionist (someone who wanted to end the practice of enslaving people), and former U.S. president Abraham Lincoln. President Lincoln led the United States during the Civil War, which was primarily fought over the enslavement of Black people in the country. Many schools and leaders began recognizing the week after its creation.

The week-long event officially became Black History Month in 1976 when U.S. president Gerald Ford extended the recognition to “honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.” Black History Month has been celebrated in the United States every February since.

[...]

BLACK HISTORY MONTH TODAY

Since the first Negro History Week in 1926, other countries have joined the United States in celebrating Black people and their contribution to history and culture, including Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands.

Today Black History Month continues the discussion of Black people and their contributions through activities such as museum exhibits and film screenings, and by encouraging the study of achievements by African Americans year-round."...

**** 
PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE
With regard to Showcase Video #1 that is given at the top of this post, the publisher's name Urban Music" refers to a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania based community organization that teamed with Dilworth School on this 2023 Black History month project. The students who are rapping in this video created their own raps.

This Dilworth School performance included an adult instructor and some students performing American Sign language (ASL). Dilworth had a sign language club and now offers sign language instructions for students from kindergarten through fifth grade as an in-school option during Dilworth's periodic creative learning enrichment periods. None of the Dilworth instructors or students in that school are deaf or have any hearing loss. That club and the sign language enrichment period provide/d opportunities for Dilworth students to be introduced to and to learn another language and to increase their awareness of and knowledge about deaf cultures. 

The song that is sung in this video is a remake of Lauryn Hill's 1998 song "Doo Wop" (That Thing)",

Full Disclosure: My daughter is shown in this video along with my granddaughter. My daughter, Mrs. Tazi Hughes, teaches at Dilworth Traditional Academy, a Pittsburgh Public Elementary School. She and another teacher were the founders of that American Sign Language (ASL) club and they are the instructors of Dilworth's ASL creative learning enrichment option. The first appearance of my daughter is around 1:11 in this video. (She's wearing the jacket with the red trim.)

My granddaughter, Jaiya Hughes, was a fourth grade student at Dilworth when this video was filmed. The first appearance of my granddaughter is around 1:26 in this video. (She's wearing a t-shirt with black and gold sign language insignia).

Principal Qualisha Zyhier's first appearance in this video is around .52.

****
ADDITIONAL SHOWCASE VIDEOS 

These videos are shown in chronological order based on their publishing date on YouTube.

SHOWCASE VIDEO #2 - Kindergarten Black History Performance

Mansion Day School, Mar 11, 2013

Recorded on March 1, 2013 using a Flip Video camera.
 -snip-
This video doesn't provide any information about the city/state where this school is located.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #3 - Black History Month Kindergarten Celebration



Harlem Village Academies, Jan 26, 2018
 -snip-
This video doesn't provide any information about the city/state where this school is located.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #4 - Richmond Heights Elementary School African American History Program 2020

Richmond Heights Schools District MEDIA, Mar 4, 2020
-snip-
This video didn't give any information about where this school is located . However, another video on that channel gave the name of that school district's former Superintendent and from their I deduced that Richmond Heights School is located in Richmond Heights, Ohio.

****
SHOWCASE VIDEO #5 -We Shall Overcome" - 4th Grade Video Performance


Ebenezer Avenue Music, Feb 24, 2022

"We Shall Overcome"

This video was created for educational use only and not for profit.
 -snip-
This video doesn't provide any information about the city/state where this school is located.
-snip-
"We Shall Overcome" is a song that is associated with the 1960s United States civil rights movement. That civil rights protest song derived from the African American Gospel song "I'll Overcome" that was written in 1901 by Charles Albert Tindley.

Click https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Shall_Overcome for more information about the song "We Shall Overcome".

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.