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Friday, December 14, 2018

Video Examples Of Singing "Make New Friends" Sung In The Round, Or In American Sign Language

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part III of a three part pancocojams series about the song "Make New Friends" ("Make New Friends, But Keep The Old").

This post showcases videos of "Make New Friends" being sung in the musical format known as "a round" by choirs and by Girl Scouts. Part III also showcases videos of "Make New Friends" sung in American Sign Language (ASL).

The Addendum to this post showcases a video of first grade children singing "Make New Friends" with non-sign language gestures.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/make-new-friends-make-new-friends-but.html for Part I of this series. Part I provides comments about Joseph Parry who created the poem that serves as the basis for the song "Make New Friends".

Comments about the Girl Scouts and about others singing "Make New Friends" are also included in this post along with some additional verses for this song.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/make-new-friends-song-information-about.html for Part II of this series. That post provides information about the Girl Scouts' friendship circle and friendship squeeze as well as information about the spin (untwisting) that may occur after the linked arm version of the friendship circle.

Part II also showcases video examples of Girl Scouts singing "Make New Friends" in friendship circles. In these videos, "Make New Friends" isn't sung in a round.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Joseph Parry, the author of the late 19th century poem that forms the basis of the song "Make New Friends". Thanks also to all the other people who have contributed verses to this song and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
-snip-
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
The inclusion of this series on this pancocojams blog (whose purpose is to present examples of Black cultures throughout the world) doesn't mean that this song was composed by or was/is only sung by Black people.

I'm including information about the song "Make New Friends But Keep The Old" because I was curious about it as a result of seeing it performed by my granddaughter, a Daisy Girl Scout, and by other members of various Girl Scout troupes at a recent event in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS FOR "MAKE NEW FRIENDS"
These videos are divided into the manner in which "Make New Friends" is sung and/or the physical movement/s that is (are) performed while singing this song.

A CHOIR OR A GIRL SCOUT TROUPE SINGING IN A ROUND*
1. Miami Children's Choir "make new friends" [choir]



Alessandra Pinto Gonzalez, Published on Oct 23, 2010

Miami Children's Choir (bella singing) with Children's trust.

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2. Make New Friends [choir]


Fairfield County Children's Choir
Published on May 15, 2017
Fairfield County Children's Choir presents ‘Music Makes the World Go Round’

Saturday, May 13, 2017 at The Quick Center for the Arts, Fairfield University - http://quickcenter.fairfield.edu/

Combined Choirs with Audience
Conducted by Lisa Bettke
-snip-
Comment from this video's discussion thread:
Bam aminooo, 2017
"😍😍😍😍 yesss it’s very very complicated to do 4 parts but there are very very smart"

**
3. 'Make New Friends' Girl Scout Campfire Songs Cover w/lyrics [Girl Scout Troupe]



Fun With Music, Published on Jun 10, 2017

I hope you guys enjoyed this video!

Check out our website- funwithmusictroop1957.weebly.com
-snip-
*Here's information about the musical term "singing in a round":
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Round_(music)
"A round (also called a perpetual canon [canon perpetuus] or infinite canon) is a musical composition, a limited type of canon, in which a minimum of three voices sing exactly the same melody at the unison (and may continue repeating it indefinitely), but with each voice beginning at different times so that different parts of the melody coincide in the different voices, but nevertheless fit harmoniously together (Johnson 2001). It is one of the easiest forms of part singing, as only one line of melody need be learned by all parts, and is part of a popular musical tradition...

Some widely-known nursery rhymes are rounds; "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" is a well-known children's round for four voices. Other well-known examples are "Frère Jacques", "God Only Knows" by The Beach Boys (the first usage in contemporary pop music) and "Three Blind Mice" (Hoffman 1997, 40)."...

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GIRL SCOUTS SINGING "MAKE NEW FRIENDS" IN AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE (ASL)
1.. Make New Friends -- Girl Scout Sing-A-Long



girlscoutsnv, Published on Jan 10, 2013

Follow along to learn the words and gestures to your favorite Girl Scout songs.
-snip-
Here's a comment from this video's discussion thread
kathy van Aken, 2013
"I have a hand you have the other put them together and we have each other. (join right hand to your neighbors Left hand,) A circle is round it has no end that's how long I want to be your friend. untwist by lifting hands above heads after the friendship squeeze. I learned this as a Martha's Vineyard Girl Scout in MA and we brought it to our new troops in Medical Lake,WA. Love the Video series"

**
2. Girl Scout Song 'Make New Friends' in ASL



wondermom72, Published on Jan 29, 2013

Girl Scouts in Troop 970 wanted to learn the song 'Make New Friends' in American Sign Language (ASL) to be able to teach others. They did this as part of their Bronze Award Project. They were taught 'Make New Friends' by a hearing impaired fellow Girl Scout. Hope you enjoy the video!
-snip-
Here's a comment from this video's discussion thread:
Merry Marsh, 2013
"Thank you. I am watching to learn for our Brownie troop to make a girl feel more at ease that has a hearing impairment. Great Job Girls and Great Project Idea!"

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ADDENDUM: A VIDEO EXAMPLE OF "MAKE NEW FRIENDS SUNG WITH GESTURES (NOT ASL)
1. Make new friends but keep the old



Melanie Pizzini, Published on Jun 6, 2012

This is one of the class favorites. They are very excited about making new friends in 1st grade.

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This concludes this pancocojasm series on the poem/song "Make New Friends".

Thanks for visiting pancocojams

Visitor comments are welcome.

"Make New Friends" Song (information about and videos of the Girl Scout friendship circle & friendship squeeze)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part II of a three part pancocojams series about the song "Make New Friends" ("Make New Friends, But Keep The Old").

This post provides information about the Girl Scouts' friendship circle and friendship squeeze as well as information about the spin (untwisting) that may occur after the linked arm version of the friendship circle.

This post also showcases video examples of Girl Scouts singing "Make New Friends" in friendship circles. In these videos, "Make New Friends" isn't sung in a round.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/make-new-friends-make-new-friends-but.html for Part I of this series. Part I provides comments about Joseph Parry who created the poem that serves as the basis for the song "Make New Friends".

Comments about the Girl Scouts and about others singing "Make New Friends" are also included in this post along with some additional verses for this song.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/video-examples-of-singing-make-new.html for Part III of this series. Part III showcases videos of "Make New Friends" being sung in the musical format known as "a round" by choirs and by Girl Scouts. Part III also showcases videos of "Make New Friends" sung in American Sign Language (ASL).

The content of this post is presented for historical, cultural, and educational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Joseph Parry, the author of the late 19th century poem that forms the basis of the song "Make New Friends". Thanks also to all the other people who have contributed verses to this song and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
-snip-
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
The inclusion of this series on this pancocojams blog (whose purpose is to present examples of Black cultures throughout the world) doesn't mean that this song was composed by or was/is only sung by Black people.

I'm including information about the song "Make New Friends But Keep The Old" because I was curious about it as a result of seeing it performed by my granddaughter, a Daisy Girl Scout, and by other members of various Girl Scout troupes at a recent event in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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INFORMATION ABOUT GIRL SCOUT FRIENDSHIP CIRCLES & FRIENDSHIP SQUEEZE
I.From https://daisyscouts.wordpress.com/2009/11/14/friendship-squeeze-make-new-friends/ Friendship Squeeze & Make New Friends; November 14, 2009 — Heidi
"Friendship Squeeze
Have all girls and adults stand in a circle holding hands.
You can do the traditional right over left crossed arms if it is not too complicated.

Discuss the purpose and the “rules” of the squeeze, we are passing our friendship on to the next girl in the form of a gentle squeeze, reminding us that we are all connected to each other. No hard squeezes and no fake squeezes.
You may have to practice several times to get it right. You might ask the girls when they have received
the squeeze to put their right foot into the circle, or you can keep its location a secret.

You usually start the squeeze but later on you can designate a special girl to start it.
When the squeeze gets back to you, you can say “Goodnight, Daisies” or goodbye or whatever is
appropriate and release them.

Older Girl Scouts like to spin out. On the signal and still holding hands, each girl at once lifts their
crossed arms over their heads and turns facing outside of the circle, uncrossing their hands and bringing
them down by their sides. They then release hands.

Make New Friends
Make new friends, but keep the old.
One is silver, the other is gold.

A circle is round, it has no end.
That’s how long, I will be your friend.

A fire burns bright, it warms the heart.
We’ve been friends, from the very start.

You have one hand, I have the other.
Put them together, We have each other.

Silver is precious, Gold is too.
I am precious, and so are you.

You help me, and I’ll help you
and together we will see it through.

The sky is blue, The Earth is green
I can help to keep it clean

Across the land, Across the sea
Friends forever, We will always be

****
II. From http://londongirlscoutsrocks.blogspot.com/2010/08/friendship-circle-girl-scout-tradition.html
TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 2010; POSTED BY GIRL SCOUTS ROCK!
"Friendship Circle... A Girl Scout Tradition
The friendship circle is often formed at the end of meetings or campfires as a sort of closing ceremony. Everyone gathers in a circle where they cross their right arm over their left in front of them and hold hands with the people on either side. Once everyone is silent, the leader starts the friendship squeeze which is passed from hand to hand. Often the girls will silently make a wish or think of something they are thankful for after their hand has been squeezed before they pass the squeeze along. Also, in some larger groups, the girls put their right foot out into the circle when they receive the friendship squeeze, so that everyone can see it travel along the circle."

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III. From https://www.girlscouts.org/en/about-girl-scouts/traditions.html
"Traditions
Traditions give Girl Scouts a sense of history—and inspire them to be the best they can be.

Sharing traditions with millions of Girl Scouts—and the huge network of Girl Scout alumnae who came before them—helps remind girls they belong to a big, powerful sisterhood

[...]

Friendship Circle: Representing the unbroken chain of friendship among Girl Scouts and Girl Guides around the world, the Friendship Circle involves Girl Scouts standing in a circle, crossing their right arms over their left, and clasping hands with their friends on both sides."
-snip-
The Girl Scout tradition of standing in a circle and linking arms while singing "Make New Friends" reminds me of the custom of linking arms while singing the American civil rights song "We Shall Overcome". Notice that in some of the Girl Scouts "Make New Friends" videos embedded in this post that some of the girls sway back in forth or shake their hands up and down to the beat while singing that song. The "swaying back and forth" movement is also sometimes done while singing "We Shall Overcome". I remember that accompanying movement being done in the mid 1960s when people sung "We Shall Overcome" and it still is sometimes done now (in the 2000s).

My guess is that the linked arm, swaying movement was done while singing "We Shall "We Shall Overcome" before it was done while singing "Make New Friends."

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/01/the-we-shall-overcome-civil-rights-song.html for a pancocojams post entitled The "We Shall Overcome" Civil Rights Song & Its Linked Arms/ Hands Held Stance.

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS
Video #1: Girl Scout Friendship Circle



GingerBlossom, Published on Dec 10, 2009

Ginger doing girl scout friendship circle.

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Video #2: Girl Scout songs and closing circle



Susan Filicicchia, Published on Sep 26, 2012

Troop 16108 sings a few Girl Scout songs and shows how to complete a friendship circle, which is perfect for closing a meeting or event.

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Video #3: Make New Friends



Girl Scouts of North East Ohio, Published on Nov 21, 2014

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Video #4: Cambridge WI Daisy Girl Scouts, singing "Make New Friends" Nov. 2014



Carolyn Bryant, Published on Nov 25, 2014

Cambridge WI Daisy Girl Scouts

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Video #5: Girl Scouts 101 - Circle Friendship Song



T Nugteren, Published on May 23, 2015

To earn our Bronze Award, our troop has made 'Girl Scout 101' videos, to share important facets of Girl Scouts with others. This information is great for girls who may be interested in Girl Scouts, young or new troops and even older girls who are joining Girl Scouts for the first time.
The Girl Scout Bronze Award is a leadership adventure and the highest honor a Girl Scout Junior (or girls in 4th & 5th grade) can achieve.

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Video #6: Girl Scout Camp 2017 Make New Friends Circle



Carolyn Bryant, Published on Dec 25, 2017

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This concludes Part II of this three part pancocojams series about the song "Make New Friends".

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

"Make New Friends" ("Make New Friends, But Keep The Old") - Poem/Song Origin & (Words Only) Examples

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part I of a three part pancocojams series about the song "Make New Friends" ("Make New Friends, But Keep The Old").

This post provides comments about Joseph Parry who created the poem that serves as the basis for the song "Make New Friends".

Comments about the Girl Scouts and about others singing "Make New Friends" are also included in this post along with some additional verses for this song.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/make-new-friends-song-information-about.html for Part II of this series. That post provides information about the Girl Scouts' friendship circle and friendship squeeze as well as information about the spin (untwisting) that may occur after the linked arm version of the friendship circle.

Part II also showcases video examples of Girl Scouts singing "Make New Friends" in friendship circles. In these videos, "Make New Friends" isn't sung in a round.

Click https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/12/video-examples-of-singing-make-new.html for Part III of this series. Part III showcases videos of "Make New Friends" being sung in the musical format known as "a round" by choirs and by Girl Scouts. Part III also showcases videos of "Make New Friends" sung in American Sign Language (ASL).

The content of this post is presented for historical, cultural, and educational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Joseph Parry, the author of the late 19th century poem that forms the basis of the song "Make New Friends". Thanks also to all the other people who have contributed verses to this song and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
-snip-
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
The inclusion of this series on this pancocojams blog (whose purpose is to present examples of Black cultures throughout the world) doesn't mean that this song was composed by or was/is only sung by Black people.

I'm including information about the song "Make New Friends But Keep The Old" because I was curious about it as a result of seeing it performed by my granddaughter, a Daisy Girl Scout, and by other members of various Girl Scout troupes at a recent event in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SONG "MAKE NEW FRIENDS" ("Make New Friends, But Keep The Old"
These quotes from various websites are given in no particular order and are numbered for referencing purposes only.

Multiple comments within each of these excerpts are also numbered for referencing purposes only.

Unfortunately, I haven't found any information about who created the tune for "Make New Friends" or when that tune was first used for that song. If you know this information, please add it in the comment section below. Thanks!

Excerpt #1
From https://pamecrement.com/2016/07/20/wisdom-from-an-old-poet/
WISDOM FROM AN OLD POET
Posted on July 20, 2016 by pamecrement
"Many years ago while I was a Brownie and then a Girl Scout, I learned valuable lessons (along with having fun) that I really did not fully appreciate at the time. Age and lived experience have shone a different light on some of those things.

If you were in scouting, the first few lines of one song likely quickly come to mind. Until recently, I had forgotten the others.

Make new friends, but keep the old;
Those are silver, these are gold.
New-made friendships, like new wine,
Age will mellow and refine.

Friendships that have stood the test-
Time and change-are surely best;
Brow may wrinkle, hair grow gray;
Friendship never knows decay.

For ‘mid old friends, tried and true,
Once more we our youth renew.
But old friends, alas! may die;
New friends must their place supply.

Cherish friendship in your breast-
New is good, but old is best;
Make new friends, but keep the old;
Those are silver, these are gold.

The song came from a poem written by Joseph Parry who was born in 1841 and died in 1903. I am not aware of when the Girl Scouts began to use the words in the song I came to know or how often they altered all but the first stanza."...

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Excerpt #2:
From https://www.reddit.com/r/etymology/comments/2j2q1x/how_old_is_songpoem_that_begins_make_new_friends/
1. Posted byu/mime454, 2014
"How old is song/poem that begins "Make new friends, but keep the old, one is silver and the other gold?"
I can't seem to find any origin on this poem when googling, despite the fact that nearly everyone knows at least the first line of it.

How far back can the poem be traced?"

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REPLY
2. AccoSpoot, 2014
"1925, Girl Scout Song Book"

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REPLY
3. mime454, 2014
"Boardwalk Empire seems pretty well researched, and in season 5 episode 5 it was sung in a flashback from 1897.

That just says when the first girlscout song book was published, not how old the song is."

**
REPLY
4. NoNormals, 2014
...."Poem by Joseph Parry which I assume the girl scout song simplifies"

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3. Excerpt #3:
From: Make New Friends song

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoWpcTk4e0o

Peanutislander24, Published on Aug 6, 2014

"Make New Friends"
Make new friends,
but keep the old.
One is silver,
the other is gold.

A circle is round,
it has no end.
That's how long,
I will be your friend.

A fire burns bright,
it warms the heart.
We've been friends,
from the very start.

You have one hand,
I have the other.
Put them together,
We have each other.

Silver is precious,
Gold is too.
I am precious,
and so are you.

You help me,
and I'll help you
and together
we will see it through.

The sky is blue
The Earth is green
I can help
to keep it clean

Across the land
Across the sea
Friends forever
We will always be
-snip-
Comment from Esmeralda's Life Fandango, 2017
"What a sweet sounding voice and such a pretty girl. And, she sang the tune correctly, unlike done in so many of the other videos posted on YouTube. I am 71 years old and she sang the tune the way it was sung when I was a Brownie Scout. Back then there was only one verse and it was sung as a round. The other verses were added in the 1990s, I think. I gave 20+ years to Girl Scouting. So from one old Scout to a wonderful young one, thank you for sharing the song and your talent. And to Peanutislander24, thank you for posting."
-snip-
Here's information about the musical term "singing in a round":
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Round_(music)
"A round (also called a perpetual canon [canon perpetuus] or infinite canon) is a musical composition, a limited type of canon, in which a minimum of three voices sing exactly the same melody at the unison (and may continue repeating it indefinitely), but with each voice beginning at different times so that different parts of the melody coincide in the different voices, but nevertheless fit harmoniously together (Johnson 2001). It is one of the easiest forms of part singing, as only one line of melody need be learned by all parts, and is part of a popular musical tradition...

Some widely-known nursery rhymes are rounds; "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" is a well-known children's round for four voices. Other well-known examples are "Frère Jacques", "God Only Knows" by The Beach Boys (the first usage in contemporary pop music) and "Three Blind Mice" (Hoffman 1997, 40)."...

****
4. Excerpt #4:
From https://www.mamalisa.com/?t=es&p=714
"The song "Make New Friends" was originally sung as just the 1st verse in a round.

MAKE NEW FRIENDS
Children's Song

Make new friends,
But keep the old.
One is silver,
The other is gold.

A circle is round,
It has no end.
That's how long,
I will be your friend.

A fire burns bright,
It warms the heart.
We've been friends,
From the very start.

You have one hand,
I have the other.
Put them together,
We have each other.

Silver is precious,
Gold is too.
I am precious,
And so are you.

You help me,
And I'll help you
And together
We will see it through.

The sky is blue
The Earth is green
I can help
To keep it clean.

Across the land
Across the sea
Friends forever
We will always be.

Notes
Younger kids often sing just the first verse or two of this song.

Comments
According to Anita from Song Scouting, "The original lyrics date to at least the 1920s. The additional lyrics written to the tune appeared sometime after 1990 and are uncredited."

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Except #5: Girl Scout Song Make New Friends

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMAxP-95yn4

Tina Welch, Published on Sep 23, 2012

Traditional Girl Scout song "Make New Friends" with lyrics, to help the girls to practice. :)
-snip-
Here are some comments from this sound file's discussion thread, with numbers added for referencing purposes only:
1. Laura Cowan, 2013
"I LEARNED THIS IN MUSIC CLASS IT'S WHEN U DO IT WITHOUT THE MUSIC IN GROUPS OF 3 TRUST ME ITS HARD"

**
2. patricia postiglione, 2013
"What is the fraction of the rhythm and beat of Make New Friends?"

**
REPLY
3. Tina Welch, 2013
"I would say it is in 4/4 time. I'll see if I can find sheet music..."

**
REPLY
4. April Adare
"@Tina Welch yes, it is in 4/4 time. I'm looking at the sheet music."

**
5. tkastanias, 2015
"why just repeat the first verse and never do the second?"

**
REPLY
6. Tina Welch, 2015
"@tkastanias
1) I made this video for Daisies (5-6 year olds). One verse was enough.
2) Ask GSUSA. This version is from the CD sold in GS Shops."
-snip-
"GSUSA" = Girl Scouts of the United States

**
7. babiigirlxo, 2017
"chorus class circa 2004 😍"

**
8. Madisyn Vienola, November 2018
"Here is how my troop sings it

Make new friends
But keep the old
One is silver
And the other gold
A circle is round
It has no end
Thats how long i want to be your friend
A fire burns bright
It warms the heart
We’ve been friends from the very start"

****
This concludes Part I of this three part pancocojams series.

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Christmas Traditions In Ethiopia & Four Videos Of Christmas In Ethiopia

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post provides information about Christmas in Ethiopia.

This post also showcases four videos of Christmas in Ethiopia, East Africa.

The Addendum to this post showcases a video of Ethiopian celebration of Christmas in Minnesoata (USA).

This is Part VI of an ongoing pancocojams series on "Christmas in Africa". Click that tag for more posts in this series.

The content of this post is presented for cultural and entertainment purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to all those who are featured in these videos and thanks to the producers and publishers of these videos on YouTube.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT CHRISTMAS IN ETHIOPIA
From https://people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/holidays-christmas/christmas-traditions-around-the-world-ga4.htm
"Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations in Africa. It still follows the ancient Julian calendar, so Ethiopians celebrate Christmas on January 7. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church's celebration of Christ's birth is called Ganna. It is a day when families attend church.

The day before Ganna, people fast all day. The next morning at dawn, everyone dresses in white. Most Ethiopians don a traditional shamma, a thin, white cotton wrap with brightly colored stripes across the ends. The shamma is worn somewhat like a toga. Urban Ethiopians might put on white Western garb. Then everyone goes to the early mass at four o'clock in the morning. In a celebration that takes place several days later, the priests will dress in turbans and red and white robes as they carry beautifully embroidered fringed umbrellas.

Most Ethiopians who live outside the modern capital city, Addis Ababa, live in round mud-plastered houses with cone-shaped roofs of thatched straw. In areas where stone is plentiful, the houses may be rectangular stone houses. The churches in Ethiopia echo the shape of the houses. In many parts of the country there are ancient churches carved out of solid volcanic rock. Modern churches are built in three concentric circles.

In a modern church, the choir assembles in the outer circle. Each person entering the church is given a candle. The congregation walks around the church three times in a solemn procession, holding the flickering candles. Then they gather in the second circle to stand throughout the long mass, with the men and boys separated from the women and girls. The center circle is the holiest space in the church, where the priest serves Holy Communion.

Around the time of Ganna, the men and boys play a game that is also called ganna. It is somewhat like hockey, played with a curved stick and a round wooden ball.

The foods enjoyed during the Christmas season include wat, a thick, spicy stew of meat, vegetables, and sometimes eggs as well. The wat is served from a beautifully decorated watertight basket onto a "plate" of injera, which is flat sourdough bread. Pieces of injera are used as an edible spoon to scoop up the wat.

Twelve days after Ganna, on January 19, Ethiopians begin the three-day celebration called Timkat, which commemorates the baptism of Christ. The children walk to church services in a procession. They wear the crowns and robes of the church youth groups they belong to. The grown-ups wear the shamma. The priests will now wear their red and white robes and carry embroidered fringed umbrellas.

The music of Ethiopian instruments makes the Timkat procession a very festive event. The sistrum is a percussion instrument with tinkling metal disks. A long, T-shaped prayer stick called a makamiya taps out the walking beat and also serves as a support for the priest during the long church service that follows. Church officials called dabtaras study hard to learn the musical chants, melekets, for the ceremony.

Ethiopian men play another sport called yeferas guks. They ride on horseback and throw ceremonial lances at each other.

Ganna and Timkat are not occasions for giving gifts in Ethiopia. If a child receives any gift at all, it is usually a small gift of clothing. Religious observances, feasting, and games are the focus of the season. "

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS
Video #1: Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Christmas Song TTEOTV 4-4



TTEOTV, Published on Jan 6, 2009

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Christmas Song "The savior of the world is born today"

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Video #2: Zemarit Tsedale Gobeze Akotet Ze Tewahdo Ethiopian Christmas Special program "TTEOTV"



TTEOTV Published on Jan 16, 2012

Akotet Ze Tewahdo Ethiopian Christmas Special program "TTEOTV"

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Video #3: Christmas preparations in Ethiopia



VideoNews, Published on Dec 21, 2015

ADDIS ABABA,ETHIOPIA - DECEMBER 21: People walk past decorated street with illuminations for Christmas celebrations at a local shopping center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on December 21, 2015.

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Video #4: Christmas Celebration at Lalibela



α‹˜α‰°α‹‹αˆ•α‹Ά, Published on Jan 8, 2016

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ADDENDUM: Ethiopian Christmas (Gena) Holiday Celebration in Minnesota 2018



Habeshaw Abel, Published on Jan 8, 2018

Ethiopian Orthodox Church celebrate Christmas on January 7th, not December 25th! The Christmas celebration in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church is called Gena or αˆα‹°α‰°-ለαŠ₯αŒα‹šαŠ₯ነ. Most people go to Church on Christmas day.

Many people take part in a special Advent fast during the 43 days before Christmas. It starts on 25th November and is known as the 'Fast of the Prophets' (Tsome Nebiyat). During this time only vegan meal is eaten each day.

For Gena, people get dressed in white. Most people wear a traditional clothing called a Netela. It's a thin white cotton piece of cloth with brightly colored stripes across the ends. People go to church on Christmas Eve at 6.00pm and the service finishes about 3.00am. On Gena, families get together and celebrate the holiday.

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Visitor comments are welcome.