Wednesday, October 22, 2014

What Is Acute Ebola Panic (AEP) And How It's Infecting The USA

Edited by Azizi Powell

WARNING! A number of people throughout the United States are exhibiting symptons of Acute Ebola Panic (AEP).

Here are the two main symptons of Acute Ebola Panic [AEP]
*Thinking that anyone from any African nation has Ebola

*Thinking that anyone who has visited any African nation has Ebola

People With Acute Ebola Panic (AEP)
*Keep their children out of school if there are Black African children who attend that school

*Demand that school officials and other people who have traveled to Africa be quarantined for certain periods of time.

*Demand that school officials and other people who have traveled to United States cities that have Ebola patients be quarantined for certain periods of time.

*Demand that anyone from West Africa be banned from traveling to the USA

*Cancel trips to any nation in Africa no matter how far away it is from the three African nations [Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea] that have diagnosed cases of Ebola.

*Are fearful of and mistreat Black Africans in myraid ways because they think that those people may have Ebola or may have been around someone who has had Ebola.
[Note that there are White people and Asian people and other non-Black people who live in African nations. But, since those people don’t "look like" what Americans think of as African, they are likely not to be targeted by people who have AEP.]

*Stop listening to fearmongers and instead pay attention to what health experts are saying about Ebola.
"Stay educated. Instead of letting the attention Ebola is getting create fear and panic, arm yourself with the facts. The CDC offers great, easy to understand information, especially on their Questions and Answers to Ebola page

Note: that quote is from "Ebola Facts We Want You To Know" Author: Dennis Cunningham, MD, October 15, 2014

*Stop using Ebola for political purposes.

*Stop being ignorant about basic world geography.
Get a map of Africa and study it for more than a minute.
Realize that Africa is a really BIG continent and not one country.

*Stop being racist and xenophobic.

*Support organizations that are treating Ebola such as Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières)

*Read articles such as the ones that have been previously cited and the ones listed below, thereby curing yourself from AEP before it spreads even farther and infects the entire world.

OTHER SUGGESTED READING "5 Schools Freaking Out About Ebola Because They Don’t Realize Africa Is A Really Big Continent"
by Joaquim Moreira Salles and Tara Culp-Ressler (October 21, 2014)
"Ebola Fears Turn Into an Epidemic of Racism and Hysteria"
By Andrew Jerell Jones, October 21, 2014 "I Am A Liberian, Not A Virus" Video, Hashtag, & Comments

Note: Acute Ebola Panic (AEP) is a term that I coined today. Please spread this term around as a means of combating this ignorance.

"The Question:
How many countries are in Africa?

The Answer:
There are 47 countries on the African continent, including the disputed territory of Western Sahara. However, the islands off the coast are also usually listed as African, bringing the total to 53. The island nations are Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Madagascar, the Comoros, the Seychelles, and Mauritius. Each is an independent nation.

Some sources do not count all of the island countries as African, so the total number fluctuates. It is important to remember that even though they may have diverse populations and cultural traditions, all of the island nations listed above have substantial African populations and strong historical connections to Africa, so they are usually considered "African." "

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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Derrick Morgan - "John Crow Skank" (example, lyrics, comments)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases a sound file of Derrick Morgan's 2001 Ska (or early Reggae?) tune "John Crow Skank". A bonus sound file of Lee "Scratch" Perry's instrumental record "John Crow Skank" is also included in this post.

This post also includes my speculations about the use of the name "John Crow" for these and other records.

Information about skanking and a video that documents an early form of skanking is presented in the Addendum to this post.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Derrick Morgan, and to Lee "Scratch" Perry for their musical legacy. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to all the publishers of videos that are included in this post.

RELATED LINK "What "John Crow" Means In Jamaica"

SHOWCASE SOUND FILE: Derrick Morgan - John Crow Skank - Pama Reggae

Mrrkdino, Published on Oct 8, 2012

Boss tune from Derrick Morgan.
This is from the album "Straighten Up - Vol.2."

(Derrick Morgan)

Wacka wacka
Wacka wacka

Wacka wacka
Wacka wacka

Hey eh eh hey, little girl,
Little one girl
All dressed in blue.
You standin in the corner
Like you don’t know what to do.
Do you see that man
In his barefoot pants?
Just take him by his hand and say
Come let’s dance
The John Crow Skank.
Baby, will you do that?
The John Crow Skank
Baby, will you do that?

Wacka wacka
Wacka wacka wacka

Lift the right foot out
And you jump to the back.
Shake your shoulders,
Get right on the beat.
That’s the John Crow Skank.
Baby, will you do that?

Lift your arms,
And you rock your body line.
Jump to the back, baby, baby
Shake it in the line,
The John Crow Skank.
Baby, will you do that?

Little one mama,
Dressed in your hot pants
You’re standing there
Why don’t you jump and prance?
You see that man
In his barefoot pants?
Just take him by his hands and say
Come let’s dance
The John Crow Skank.
Baby, you are doin it fine.
The John Crow Skank
Baby you are doin it fine

Wacka wacka
wacka wacka wacka
Wacka wacka
"Wacka wacka")
This transcription is by Azizi Powell. Additions and corrections are welcome.

I think that "Wacka wacka" (or similarly spelled words) is meant to be imitative of the sound a vulture (John Crow) makes.

BONUS SOUND FILE: Lee Perry - Kotch Up Dub & John Crow Skank

RootsReggaeDubAmsterdam, Uploaded on Mar 13, 2010

From The Album: Skanking With The Upsetter
"John Crow Skank" begins at 4:40 of this video.

"Skanking is a form of dancing practiced in the ska, ska punk, hardcore punk, reggae, jump-up (a drum and bass sub-genre) and other music scenes.

The dance style originated in the 1950s or 1960s at Jamaican dance halls, where ska music was played.[1] British mods and skinheads of the 1960s adopted these types of dances and altered them. The dancing style was revived during the 1970s and 1980s 2 Tone era, and has been adopted by some individuals in the hardcore punk subculture.

Originally, skanking consisted of a “running man” motion of the legs to the beat while alternating bent-elbow fist-punches, left and right.[1] Over time, however, variations have emerged across the musical world. The punk version features a sharp striking out look with the arms, and is sometimes used in moshing to knock around others doing the same."...

Skanking, Lesson By Tony Verity

Jyo Ska Uploaded on Jul 7, 2008

Ska Documental in 'Sombrero Club' With Byron Lee & The Dragonaires. Jamaica 1964
Here's a comment about skanking from that video's viewer comment thread:
hultonclint, Feb 17, 2009
"This kind of dancing was sort of manufactured. Prince Buster himself said there was no distinct "ska dance" like this. Basically, this was to fit it "ska" as one of the "dance crazes" (think Cha cha cha, rhumba, the Twist, etc) that consumer (upper class) audience would do at the time. One way the music industry sold records was by popularizing dances that went w/ certain music. In 1964, there was an attempt to popularize ska in the US as the latest craze which is why they made up these moves."

I'm assuming that "John Crow Skank" was (is) just one of a number of different ways of "skanking".

Derrick Morgan's "John Crow Skank" fits the description of an of instructional dance song in that part of its lyrics give instructions as to how to do that dance. But I'm curious as to why the name "John Crow" would be used for a type of dance.

This article Extracts from the 'Jamaica Journal' - "Plants, Spirits and the meaning of 'John' in Jamaica" by John Rashford (May 17, 2009) suggests that [the plant that Jamaicans call] "John Crow Bead, and it links - by virtue of John as a generic term - to the Christmas dancing in Jamaica called John Canoe (also spelled Jonkonnu) and to the vulture called John Crow (Cathartes aura)... all have the name John because of their relationship to the world of spirits and spirit possession."

That article also indicates that "John Canoe, who is the chief dancer of a troupe of dancers, is the spirit person or obeahman (variously described as a witch doctor, magician, jumbie-man or sorcerer) and both the John Crow and the John Crow Bead are associated with death and with materials used in the practice of obeah."
I don't think that the John Crow Skank was meant to be religious or refer to death or the spirit world. Yet, if the concept of John Crow was connected to the Jonkanoo dancers, did that connection inluence the choice of the name "John Crow" for this skank dance. Or could the choice of that dance name be as uncomplicated as the possibility that the John Crow (Jamaican vulture) might be known for its dance like movements? Having never seen a John Crow, I don't know if its movements could be equated to a dance or not.

It should also be noted that Jamaicans also refer to a type of rhythm as "John Crow Skank rhythm". "STORY OF THE SONG - One line makes a 'Bangarang'"
Editor's Note: This article is about the 1968 record "Bangarang" by Lester Sterling & Stanger Cole]
..."John Crow Skank

Among the musicians with whom [music producer Bunny 'Striker'] Lee worked at the time were Lloyd Chalmers, Aston and Carlton Barrett and Robbie Shakespeare. Cole definitely remembers keyboard player Glen Adams playing on Bangarang, introducing what was called the 'John Crow Skank' style into Jamaican music in the process"...

Another example of this rhythm is John Crow Skank Rhythm: Preacher Man (UK395)

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Monday, October 20, 2014

Three Reggae Records With The Title "Bangarang" (with comments)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases three Reggae records with the title "Bangarang": (1)Lester Sterling & Stranger Cole -"Bangarang"; (2)Freddie McGregor - "Bangarang", and (3) U Roy & Glen Adams - "Bangarang Version".

Selected comments from the discussion thread for the featured Freddy McGregor recording of "Bangarang" are also included in this post. Those comments include the word "bangarang" and often provide a definition for that term (the Caribbean (Jamaican) definition.

Click for a companion post that focuses on the different meanings of the word "bangarang" in Jamaica and in the United States.

The content of this post is presented for etymology, cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to these featured vocalists for their musical legacy. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of that video on YouTube.

Example #1: Bangarang - Lester Sterling & Stranger Cole


jahbuzzz Uploaded on Dec 10, 2010

Bangarang on Original JA Lee [1968]

In late 1968, Lester cut his signature tune "Bangarang." Another Jamaican #1, and hailed as a first Reggae, Ill let Lester tell it. "Well the first part and the inspiration for Bangarang, I make up the bridge, came from Kenny Dorhams Bongo Chant. Me and Rico used to play it from the late 50s when it was on the sound systems. I get the idea from this woman and her daughter. The daughter emigrate to America and then I think she encourage the mother to leave me and emigrate too."

Backup vocals are by Wilburn "Stranger" Cole, Lloyd "Charmers" Tyrell, and Maxwell "Romeo" Smith. There are hundreds, if not thousands of versions of Bangarang, including those by Soul Vendors, Lord Creator, Nitty Gritty, Brigadier Jerry, Lt. Stitchie, and Dillinger.

At the start of Stir It Up! A tv program broadcast by Englands Channel 4 in 1994, producer Bunny Lee is in his Burns Avenue studio in Kingston. Lee picks up a 1/4 inch tape and begins, "Yeah, I want to tell everybody, the whole world, this is the first Reggae tune that was done in Jamaica, see it? It was done in 1968 in Duke Reids studio. I want to play it and mek the whole world hear, Muma no want no Bangarang. It was Lester Sterling, Lloyd Charmers and Stranger Coleis really the emphasis on the organ. Mek the organ go Reggae, Reggae this is the great Bangarang." In the 1982 video production Deeper Roots, also by Channel 4, Lee notes, "same like in the Reggae ting, is a man just bawl out one day, we were having a session, say, make the organ go Reggae, Reggae and the name. Everybody claims the name and they dont even know how it start, right."

In late 1968, Lester [Sterling] cut his signature tune "Bangarang." Another Jamaican #1, and hailed as a first Reggae, Ill let Lester tell it. "Well the first part and the inspiration for Bangarang, I make up the bridge, came from Kenny Dorhams Bongo Chant. Me and Rico used to play it from the late 50s when it was on the sound systems. I get the idea from this woman and her daughter. The daughter emigrate to America and then I think she encourage the mother to leave me and emigrate too."

Example #2: Freddie McGregor - Bangarang

Jens MerleUploaded on Jan 3, 2007

one Artist of the old School Jamicas.
I'm not sure when this record was first released.

Here are selected comments from this sound file's discussion thread: [Notice that bangarang is something that nobody wants.]

eego1, 2008
"Respect to Freddie McGregor for this beautiful rendition of Stranger Cole's "Bangarang""

EarthV8Jan 26, 2009
This is a recurring line in this Freddy McGregor record. The original "Bangarang" record by Lester Sterling and Stranger Cole said "Muma nuh wan nuh bangarang". [Momma don't want no bangarang.]

francisco RebeloNeves, 2008
"Michaeljureidini.. you fool.. Do you know what bangarang means? Bangarang > Jamaican slang defined as a hubbub, uproar, disorder, or disturbance. Jah Bless Freddie McGregor"

1OLDSKOOL1Feb 3, 2009 in reply to michaeljureidini
"he is saying there is gonna be bangarang but he doesnt want it. bangarang mean disorder and mayhem. he is not endorsing it hes just stating fact. You should've understood what was meant before making such ridiculous comments!!"
michaeljureidini's comment is no longer available. I wonder if that blogger wrote something that used the American definitions of "bangarang". According to the American definitions, bangarang is an exclamation indicating approval and/or amazement; and an adjective that means something superlative, "The ultimate in excellence. Better than cool, rad or awesome" [to paraphrase two bloggers.] Those meanings were given to that Caribbean word at least by 1991 when the word "bangarang" was used in the American movie "Hook".

At any rate, it doesn't appear that anyone else writing in that discussion thread, with the exception of one other person (whose comment is given below) was aware of this alternate meaning of "bangarang".

arshedhussainkadir, Nov 7, 2009 in reply to 1OLDSKOOL1
"1OLDSCOOL.....bangarah..also means asian music ...since 1988 arab, indian tunes got serious rythem ...while reegae turned to buju banto - bang ya head into a brick wall wall and [profanity deleted] oofence intended -- just words have different meanings ........bally sagoo.......maybe he got music videos from 1990 on youtube ?
I've not read that "bangarang" means "Asian music" anywhere else.

Borka SMU, Feb 8, 2010
"it's bangarang, nor bangarah
bangarang means chaos, mess"

ohanselo, Jun 16, 2009
"LOL from the looks of the comments, i dont want to know what bangarang means. but to me this is happy regge, what i like =)) Jamaica no wan no banagrang =)))"

raskiny, Jul 21, 2009
"U S A a spread bangarang no doubt about it.if u r a true rastaman u got to support dat view.peace a want"
"Peace a want" - I want peace.

Nicky RopJul 8, 2011

julius muli, Sep 3, 2012
"rasta family in kenya no need no bangarang. one love"

Kiprono Mitei, Oct 11, 2012

Example #3: Lester Sterling Lloyd Charmers Stranger Cole-Bangarang-And U Roy & Glen Adams -Bangarang Version

mrmsclvr, Uploaded on Jan 17, 2010

From Bunny 'Striker' Lee Story CRCDB3138
U Roy & Glen Adams - "Bangarang Version" begins at 2:42 of this sound file.

I don't know when this was recorded.

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"Bangarang" Means Different Things In Jamaica & In The USA

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post highlights the differences between the meanings of the word "bangarang" in Jamaica and in the United States.

Click for a companion post that showcases three Reggae songs entitled "Bangarang". That post includes selected comments about the word "bangarang" from the discussion thread of one of those featured YouTube sound files.

The content of this post is presented for etymology and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks all those who are quoted in this post.

Line breaks: banga|rang
Part of speech -noun

Meaning -An uproar or disturbance.

Origin - West Indian

probably imitative, but perhaps influenced by Portuguese banguelê 'riot, disorder'.
By "probably imitative", my guess is that that editor means "imitating the sound of gun fire' ("bang bang").

"Jamaican Patois [Patwah] and Slang Dictionary"
English Translation - Commotion

Definition - slang term used to describe a loud uproar or commotion

Example Sentences
Patois: A wah cause di bangarang over deh suh?
English: What caused the commotion over there?

[posted by anonymous on July 5, 2013]
Note: An anonymous blogger also posted the meaning "old clothes" for bangarang. I've not seen that meaning anywhere else. I therefore discount this "old clothes" definition for "bangarang".
[UPDATE 10/20/2014: According to the OED online (Oxford (University) English Dictionary) "rubbish" and then "old clothes" are old meanings for the words that became "bangarang". Read more in the comment by slam2011 below. Thanks, slam2011!,

Given those early meanings of "bangarang", the theory that it comes from the Portuguese banguelê 'riot, disorder' might be more doubtful.]

From "Rasta/Patois Dictionary and Phrases/Proverbs"
"bangarang - hubbub, uproar, disorder, disturbance."

UPDATE 10/20/2014 [Hat tip to blogger slam 2014 who found information about this word in the Oxford English Dictionary online.

The first documented use of the word that became "bangarang" was in 1935.

In 1967 (some sources give this date as 1968) Lester Sterling & [Wilbur[ "Stranger" Cole recorded a tune with the title "Bangarang". Some say that this is the first Reggae record.
[Update ends]

Here's an excerpt pf an article from the Jamaican newspaper about that song:
From "STORY OF THE SONG - One line makes a 'Bangarang'", July 19, 2009 by Mel Cooke, Gleaner Writer
"For a song that has just one line of lyrics, Strange Jah Cole's Bangarang packs a wallop of a musical punch.

Not only did it hit number one when it was released in 1967, as Cole told The Sunday Gleaner, but Bangarang, on which saxophonist Lester Sterling does most of the lead duties, was covered relatively recently by Freddie McGregor. And the term's use in Parliament when the political battle got hot, after it has long ceased to be hip street terminology, seems to confirm that Bangarang has served the purpose of language preservation as a side effect to simply being a danceable tune."...

[Stranger Cole happened to visit a music studio in Jamaican when music producer Bunny 'Striker' Lee was working on a song]

"Lee was happy to see Cole, saying, "Pro, you are the right man I am looking for. I have a song called Bongo Chant. I want to do it Jamaican style with Lester Sterling."

"He played it for me with his mouth," Cole said, humming the melody for The Sunday Gleaner, much slower than the hit Jamaican version. As Lee finished humming, Cole picked up on the melody and sang the line "Moma no want no bangarang".

And they went into the studio to record.

When The Sunday Gleaner asks Cole what he was thinking when he did the line, he replies, "It is not what I was thinking, it is what the word means. 'Bangarang' means problems, so to break it down it is 'mother no want no problems'."...

He points out that many people sing "woman no want no bangarang", but he actually said Moma.
Examples of comments from various YouTube discussion threads for that Lester Sterling & Stranger Cole record as well as examples of comments from discussion threads of Freddy McGregor's song with the title "Bangarang" are included in that pancocojams companion post about this word. Those self-identified commenters define ""bangarang" in similar terms as have already been given by West Indian sources or by sources quoting West Indian people.

1. Battle cry of the Lost Boys in the movie Hook.
2. Jamaican slang defined as a hubbub, uproar, disorder, or disturbance.
3. General exclamation meant to signify approval or amazement."
by Drewcifer511June 14, 2006

The ultimate in excellence. Better than cool, rad or awesome. Saved for very special occasions. Word first used in the movie "Hook".
Dude 1: Man, I just found a cheap cure for HIV/AIDS.

Dude 2: Bangarang
by James Tao KlauenburchAugust 08, 2004
The 1991 American movie "Hook" was definitely not the first time that the word "bangarang" was ever used. However, that movie may have been the first time that "bangarang" was used as an exclamation of approval.

Here's a quote that credits the word "bangarang" in the "Hook" movie to the Jamaican word "bangarang":
From "Bangarang Peter Pan': Obama Pays Tribute To Robin Williams, Famous 'Hook' Quote After Actor's Death"
By Cristina Silva @cristymsilva on August 11 2014 9:06 PM
" "Bangarang!" It was the Lost Boys' battle cry in "Hook" and now it's how fans worldwide will remember comedian Robin Williams. President Barack Obama paid tribute to the actor after his death Monday with a statement referencing one of Williams' most famous scenes. "Robin Williams was an airman, a doctor, a genie, a nanny, a president, a professor, a bangarang Peter Pan, and everything in between," Obama's statement read.

So what does "bangarang" mean? Williams slipped into Peter Pan's iconic green tights in Disney's 1991 "Hook." In the movie, Williams plays an overweight, adult Peter Pan who must be reminded of his youthful ways by the Lost Boys, who yell out "bangarang" in one of the film's funniest scenes when Peter Pan takes on the Lost Boys' replacement leader, Rufio. The Lost Boys signal their approval [of Peter Pan shouting insults back at Rufio] with cries of "bangarang," according to

Electronic music producer Skillrex paid tribute to the scene with his hit song "Bangarang" in 2012. Skillrex calls out in the song: “Shout to all my lost boys. We rowdy. Shout to all my lost boys. Bangarang!”

OK, but what does it mean? Apparently, it's a Jamaican word that means disturbance."...
The word "disturbance" was hyperlinked to this page "Eight things you never knew about Steven Spielberg’s 1991 film ‘Hook’".
Here's the relevant quote from that page:
"Real word: Bangarang is actually a Jamaican word which means disturbance."
Here's another source that indicates that "Electronic music producer Skillrex paid tribute to the scene [in the movie "Hook"] with his hit song "Bangarang":
"The title is a reference to the 1991 film Hook, in which the Lost Boys' catch cry is "bangarang!" "

My guess is that the word "bangarang" was appealing to the writers of the American movie "Hook" in part because of American's familiarity with both of that word's syllables - "bang[a]" and "rang", and in part because of the American vernacular meanings of the word "bang". Not only is the word "bang" associated with gun fire, in American vernacular English it can be used as a descriptor for something that is very good, awesome, and/or someone who is very attractive In addition, in American vernacular English "to bang [someeone] means to have sex with that person. [citation: online slang dictionary] Each of these meanings add to the cache and the memorability of the word "bangarang" for the "Hook" movie's viewers and for others.

The word "Bang" is also used in the United States [and by extention elsewhere] as an exclamation of approval and/or excitement. I'm not sure if that exclamation predates 1991 - the use of "bangarang" in the United States as it has been discussed in this post.

While West Indians might use "bangarang" as an exclamation, I don't think it means "something awesome", or at least it doesn't mean that in the same way that it is meant in the States. And if or when West Indians use the exclamatory form of "bangarang", I don't think that it usually "signify approval or amazement" except that it may mean approval of lyrics or statements that refer to Babylon [the establishment] falling. [Note: I recall reading some YouTube comments in which "bangarang" was used this way. However, I can't find them now.]

Any examples [with citations] and any corrections are very welcome.

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