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Friday, January 30, 2015

Head And Shoulders Baby 1 2 3 (Information, Lyrics, & Videos)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post presents comments about the children's recreational song "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3. Lyrics and video examples of this song are also included in this oist.

The content of this post is provided for folkloric, cultural, and recreational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured on these videos and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post.

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DESCRIPTION
"Head And Shoulder Baby 1 2 3" (also known as "Head And Shoulders Baby") is an African American adaptation of the children's movement rhyme "Head And Shoulders Knees And Toes".*

"Head And Shoulder Baby 1 2 3" appears to be rather widely known in the United States and appears to be most often performed as a partner hand clap game with pantomined actions. However, "Head And Shoulders Baby" is also performed by individuals who clap their own hands and pantomine its words.

*My sense that this song is of African American composition is its percussive nature, its textual pattern, and the fact that African Americans are the documented sources of early examples of this children's recreational song.

Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcRY0RvBD64 for a YouTube video of "Head And Shoulder Baby".

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LYRICS
There are two different forms of "Head And Shoulder Baby 1 2 3" and different versions of those two forms. I believe that the oldest form of this song (which I refer to here as "Form #1) is limited to verses that feature two different parts of the body.

HEAD AND SHOULDERS BABY 1 2 3, FORM #1
Head and shoulders baby 1, 2, 3
Head and shoulders baby 1, 2, 3
Head and shoulders
Head and shoulders
Head and shoulders baby 1, 2, 3

Hips and thighs baby 1, 2, 3
Hips and thighs baby 1, 2, 3
Hips and thighs
Hips and thighs
Hips and thighs baby 1, 2, 3

Knees and ankles baby 1, 2, 3
Knees and ankles baby 1, 2, 3
Knees and ankles
Knees and ankles
Knees and ankles baby 1, 2, 3

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Here's a video example of that form:

Head and Shoulders Baby



S Joffe, Uploaded on Feb 23, 2008

Susannah's 2nd Grade performance
-snip-
This version ends with the verse "That's all, baby 1, 2, 3".

A variant of "Form #1" includes other movements which are pantomined (for example, "tie your shoe", "do a dance", "turn around").

The second form of "Head And Shoulder Baby 1 2 3" refers to body parts and also includes the verse that begins with the line "I ain't been to 'Frisco" or similar beginning words. That is a floating verse that is found in a number of old (pre 1940s) African American songs.

HEAD AND SHOULDERS BABY 1 2 3, FORM #2
Head and shoulders baby 1, 2, 3 [2x]
Head and shoulders [3x]
Head and shoulders baby 1 2 3

Knees and ankles [Follow the above pattern.]

Well, I ain't' been to 'Frisco.
I ain't been to school.
I ain't been to college.
But I ain't no fool.
To the front.
To the back.
To the side side side.
To the front.
To the back.
To the side side side.

Milk the cow baby 1, 2, 3 [Follow the above pattern.]

Round the world, baby 1 2 3 [Follow the above pattern.]

Well, I ain't been to 'Frisco [etc]
-snip-
Here's that video:
Head and Shoulders Baby



Vincent Bates, Uploaded on Apr 1, 2011
-snip-
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2014/05/examples-of-ive-never-been-to-college.html for information about and examples of the song "I Ain't Been To "Frisco". Note that " 'Frisco" means San Francisco, California (USA).

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TEMPO
The tempo for "Head And Shoulders Baby 1 2 3", as it was "originally" sung by African American girls and boys is much faster than how it is sung in almost all of the videos of this song that are found online (including almost all of the videos found in this post.) The fast pace of this song is what makes it fun to do.

Documentation of the fast tempo of "Head And Shoulders Baby" is found in the album notes for that song in the 1971 album Little Johnny Brown featuring American storyteller/singer Ella Jenkins and girls and boys from uptown Chicago. Referring to that song, Ella Jenkins writes "It can be challenging to keep up with the fast tempo of the recording". http://media.smithsonianfolkways.org/liner_notes/smithsonian_folkways/SFW45026.pdf [hereafter given as "Ella Jenkins: Little Johnny Brown".]

Example #1 below shows "Head And Shoulders Baby" being sung at a faster tempo.

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TIMELINE
1950s
I don't know when the movement song "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3" was first composed. However,
I remember performing "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3" as a partner hand clap game in Atlantic City, New Jersey in the 1950s. I played this game with my sisters and our friends before learning "Head And Shoulders Knees And Toes" in school. My recollection is that we played "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3" as a pantomine game and not as a partner hand clap game. The object of the "Head And Shoulders Baby" game was to keep up with the words to the song (do the right motions while singing the song). If you couldn't keep up with the fast pace of the song, you were out.

I only remember the first verse and third first given above (Form #1). I think that sometimes we played this game as an individual don't re

I remember thinking that "Head And Shoulders" was a song for babies while "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3" was for "older kids".

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1960s & 1970s
Thanks to YouTube, I've located this 1966 recording of The Fender Benders's "Head 'n' Shoulders - 1, 2, 3": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vdtgW1WebU. The Fender Benders are a White American Rock & Roll band.

In the above section on the tempo of "Heads And Shoulders Baby", I referred to Ella Jenkins' 1971 album which included that song. In addition to commenting on the song's tempo, Jenkins wrote that she first saw the song "done by a group of girls and boys at the Elliot Donnelly Youth Center" (Chicago, Illinois). The verses for that recording were "head and shoulders", knees and ankles" and "ankles and toes". Of course, that could have been just a simplification of the way the song was sung by the children in the youth center. Ella Jenkins then wrote that "Head And Shoulders Baby" was a "traditional chant". The term "traditional" may mean "a folk song that has no known composer". However, the use of "traditional" doesn't convey any information about when this song was first sung. The fact that Ella Jenkins, who is known for her repertoire of old African American children's songs, didn't know "Head And Shoulders Baby" before she saw it done by that group of Chicago children suggests that that song may not have been widely known when Ella Jenkins first started performing in the 1960s.

An example of "Head And Shoulders Baby 1, 2, 3" is included in the 2003 book Yo Mama!: New Raps, Toasts, Dozens, Jokes, and Children's Rhymes from Urban Black America by Onwuchekwa Jemie. https://books.google.com/books?isbn=1592130291. The often bawdy (dirty) examples that are given in this book were "Collected primarily in metropolitan New York and Philadelphia during the classic era of black street poetry (i.e., during the late 1960s and early 1970s). It's very likely that at least some of the verses for "Head And Shoulders Baby" that are found in this book have "nasty" connotations. In addition to the standard verses ("head and shoulders"; "knees and ankles", ankles and hips"), that book's example contains these verses which are also pantomined: "close the door", "zip the zipper", "around the world", "tie your shoe", "milk the cow", and "around the world."

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1980s
A video of "head And Shoulders" from a mid 1980s Canadian children's television show is given below as Example #3.

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ADDITIONAL VIDEOS OF "HEAD AND SHOULDERS BABY 1, 2, 3"
These videos are presented in chronological order based on their publishing date on YouTube with the oldest example given first.

Example #1: Head and shoulders baby 1 2 3



kiara yasmilet, Uploaded on Dec 17, 2011
lolz
-snip-
lolz= lols [laugh out loud] with a "z" added in place of an "s" [meaning laughing a lot]

This video is an example of Form #1 of "Head And Shoulders Baby 1. 2. 3".

Here's the words to that example which is sung uptempo: [This is my transcription of that video. Additions and corrections are welcome.]

Head and shoulder baby 1, 2, 3 [2x]
Head and shoulder [3x]
Head and shoulder baby 1, 2, 3

Tummy thighs baby 1, 2, 3 [same as above pattern]

Knees and ankles baby 1, 2, 3 [same as above pattern]

Scoop the ice cream [same as above pattern]

Around the world

All together now [Do all the actions in the order they were sung.]

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Example #2: Sedgwick music program -Head & shoulder baby 1 2 3

.

Asmita Kulkarni, Published on May 22, 2013
-snip-
This video is an example of Form #2 of "Head And Shoulders Baby 1. 2. 3".

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Example #3: Sharon, Lois & Bram - Head and Shoulders Baby



Sharon Lois Bram, Published on Nov 21, 2013

**I do not own the rights to this content**

Season 3, Episode 2
-snip-
This is a clip of "The Elephant Show", a Canadian children's television show that featured the children's song recording artists Sharon, Lois, and Bram. According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Elephant_Show "The Elephant Show (from the second season onward, Sharon, Lois & Bram's Elephant Show) is a Canadian children's television show. It originally ran on CBC from 1984 until 1989.".

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Thursday, January 29, 2015

Song "Three Little Birds" (Bob Marley video & "Strange Magic" movie clip)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases a video of Bob Marley singing his song "Three Little Birds" and a clip of that song from the 2015 American movie Strange Magic. Information about the song "Three Little Birds" and song lyrics are also included in this post.

The content of this post is presented for entertainment and aesthetic reasons.

Thanks to Bob Marley for composing and recording this song, and thanks for George Lucas' Strange Magic for including it in that 2015 film, and thanks for for doing the voice over for that song in that movie. Thanks also to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE SONG "THREE LITTLE BIRDS"
From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Little_Birds
Three Little Birds" is a song by Bob Marley and the Wailers. It is the fourth track on side two of their 1977 album Exodus and was released as a single in 1980. The song reached the Top 20 in the UK, peaking at number 17. It is one of Bob Marley's most popular songs. The song has been covered by numerous other artists"...
-snip-
Click http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Marley for information about Reggae singer, song writer, and guitarist Robert Nesta Marley (Bob Marley).

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LYRICS: THREE LITTLE BIRDS
(Robert Nesta Marley)

"Don't worry about a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right.
Singin': "Don't worry about a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right! "

Rise up this mornin',
Smile with the risin' sun,
Three little birds
Each by my doorstep
Singin' sweet songs
Of melodies pure and true,
Sayin', ("This is my message to you-ou-ou: ")

Singin': "Don't worry 'bout a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right."
Singin': "Don't worry (don't worry) 'bout a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right! "

Rise up this mornin',
Smiled with the risin' sun,
Three little birds
Each by my doorstep
Singin' sweet songs
Of melodies pure and true,
Sayin', "This is my message to you-ou-ou: "

Singin': "Don't worry about a thing, worry about a thing, oh!
Every little thing gonna be all right. Don't worry! "
Singin': "Don't worry about a thing" - I won't worry!
"'Cause every little thing gonna be all right."

Singin': "Don't worry about a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right" - I won't worry!
Singin': "Don't worry about a thing,
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right."
Singin': "Don't worry about a thing, oh no!
'Cause every little thing gonna be all right!

Source: http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/bobmarley/threelittlebirds.html

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE MOVIE "STRANGE MAGIC" AND ITS COVER OF THE SONG "THREE LITTLE BIRDS"
From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strange_Magic_(film)
"Strange Magic is a 2015 American computer-animated musical fantasy comedy film directed by Gary Rydstrom, produced by Lucasfilm, ... The film's screenplay was written by Rydstrom, David Berenbaum, and Irene Mecchi, from a story by George Lucas inspired by William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.[4] [The film's] score includes popular songs and standards, such as "Love Is Strange".[5]

Plot
Marianne, heir to the throne of the Fairy Kingdom, makes a flower to give to her fiancé, Roland, on their wedding day. She finds him in the middle of the woods and sees him embrace and kiss another fairy girl. Heartbroken, she calls off the wedding and vows to never fall in love again. Some years later, her younger sister Dawn is getting ready for the spring ball. She is nervous that none of the other male fairies will want to dance with her. Sunny, a short elf and her best friend, tries to cheer her up with a song."...
-snip-
African American actor, singer, and dancer Elijah Kelley does the voice over for the character "Sunny".

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From http://variety.com/2015/film/reviews/film-review-strange-magic-1201410499/
..."In a twist that nods in the direction of “Midsummer” (apparently a key influence on the script by David Berenbaum, Irene Mecchi and first-time feature director Gary Rydstrom), Roland, still bent on winning Marianne’s hand and the crown that comes with it, decides to exploit the good-natured Sunny (Elijah Kelley), a diminutive, ebony-skinned elf who has unrequited feelings for Dawn. Injecting a self-conscious note of ethnic diversity into this cartoon universe, Sunny also happens to be the movie’s most likable character, not least when Kelley’s crooning his way through a cover of Bob Marley’s “Three Little Birds.”"...

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS
Example #1: Bob Marley Three little birds (Original)

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CHauserable Published on Mar 19, 2013

Singin sweet song.

Music
"Three Little Birds (12" Mix (Dub Version))" by Bob Marley & The Wailers

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Example #2: "Elf-Sized Serenade" Strangely Magical Musical Moment - Strange Magic



Touchstone Pictures, Published on Jan 11, 2015

Sunny (Elijah Kelley) and Dawn (Meredith Anne Bull) serenade each other in this Strangely Magical Musical Moment from Lucasfilm's Strange Magic. See the animated film, from the mind of George Lucas, in theatres January 23!

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Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Jamaica's Revivalism Religion (Information & Videos)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post provides information about Jamaica's Revivalism, a Christian religious denomination. Also included in this post are ten videos of Sacred Heart Spiritual Church Of Jesus Christ, a Revival church led by Bishop Ray Anthony Foster.

Additional information about Jamaica's Revivalism religion and videos of that religion can be found in a two part pancocojams series:
http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2012/06/jamaica-revivalist-bands-in-watts-town.html [commentary] and http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2012/06/jamaica-revivalist-bands-in-watts-town_09.html [videos].

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, religious, cultural, and aesthetic reasons.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to Howard Beckford and Raphael Foster for publishing these videos on YouTube.

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INFORMATION ABOUT JAMAICA'S REVIVALISM
From http://www.anngel.com/ACIJ/history-revivalism.htm
"Revivalism is an authentic Afro-Christian religious folk form that evolved during the eighteenth to nineteenth century...

Initially, it was the native Baptist Christians who joined forces with the Moravians, and other non-conformist churches to become the forerunners of the movement. However, Jamaica was said to have experienced a religious movement called the Great Revival in 1861, which saw the incorporation of much more African retention in the movement. Revivalism is divided into two groups, Zion and Pocomania. Pocomania is more African in form while Zion is more Christian oriented. These two groups have very clear differences, particularly with their functionaries and the role that they play...

The songs that are used in revival usually vary in tempo for example hymns and choruses. Revival also incorporates lively songs that are of a local derivation... Singing usually takes place to the beat of the drums. These drums are the Kettle-drums or bass drums which are beaten with two sticks. Tambourines might also be shaken in the rhythm along with other instruments...

Revival Churches can be found all over Jamaica, particularly in the deep rural areas and in the inner-city sections of the corporate area. On specific dates, towards the end of each quarter within the year, revivalists may be seen journeying to Watt Town, St. Ann. This is one of the most popular revival meeting places."...

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From http://www.real-jamaica-vacations.com/jamaican-religion.html
“In 1860-61, a period of intense religious activity occurred in Jamaica. It was called the Great Revival. It started in the non-conformist churches, using vibrant evangelism to spread Christianity throughout the country.

In this time of religious fervour, African elements and rituals (which were still entrenched in the lives of the ex-slaves) intermingled with Christian beliefs, and the outcome was a genuinely Jamaican religion called Revival. It features spirit possession, and music as a central feature of the worship exprience. The two branches of Revival are known as Revival Zion and Pukumina (Pocomania).”...

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From http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/Revivalism-alive-and-well-_15976072
Revivalism alive and well!
St Ann minister doing over 40 years in denomination
BY RENAE DIXON Sunday Observer staff reporter dixonr@jamaicaobserver.com , Sunday, February 09, 2014
"FLAGS are flown inside the building, water is placed in vessels on a table, olive oil is an active part of worship, so too are the drums.

But according to Bishop Clifford Cameron, the denomination that he leads practises Christianity and not obeah as many are led to believe.

"A revival church is a normal Christian denomination," he said.

A pastor for over 20 years, Bishop Cameron said that revivalism is an authentic form of worship, which is attracting more youth than ever before.

"It is very authentic worship; nothing counterfeit," he insisted.

He added that it is an African style of worship which includes a combination of European styles. However, he pointed out that it is a part of the rich Jamaican culture....

Due to its active community involvement, he [Bishop Clifford Cameron] believes that Bethel Lighthouse has outgrown the stigma which many revival churches have faced in the past.

Although members of his denomination may dress differently with head wrap and uniformed clothing, Cameron revealed that he does not segregate when it comes to other denominations.”...

Being involved [in the community], he maintained, has taught the community to be more appreciative and respectful of the church which many had once approached with caution...

People in the community have grown accustomed to some of the practices of the church, such as the sounding of the drums at six in the morning to welcome the new day and six in the evening to signal the closing of another day.

Some people have reportedly used the drums to keep track of time.

The unusual sounding of the drums outside these times is often an indication to the community that something is wrong.

"If a service is not happening at the church, the community, which has grown accustomed to the times the drum is sounded, will start asking questions," Cameron revealed.

He also disclosed that on days of service at the place of worship, people who may be visiting for the first time will not get lost, as the sound of the drums will lead them to the location.

Although more Jamaicans are accepting revivalism, Rev Cameron believes that a larger number of people from overseas are learning more about the style of worship than locals have been doing.

He emphasised that revivalism is not an attraction but a form of worship. However, foreigners are most times more anxious to know about it...

Accepting overseas visitors to the church is seeing developmental prospects for the community, he explained. Tour companies are now wanting to partner to develop the area."...

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From https://www.facebook.com/SacredHeartMinistry/info?tab=page_info
"[Sacred Heart Spiritual Church Of Jesus Christ] Founded on 1984
Short Description:
Come and see this dynamic ministry where Jesus Christ is the head of this house and where the spirit of Jesus Christ truly manifest. Come and get your Healing, Deliverance, breakthrough, The spirit of God and the Prophetic word."

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From https://www.facebook.com/SacredHeartMinistry/timeline?ref=page_internal
Caption under a 2012 poster announcing an old time revival service:
"You are required to dress in your old time attire: Pleated Skirt, coloured pants, Many yard of turban, pencil, crep, subble jack, tape measures and many items we use to wear . We anticipate your corporation as we work together to make this function a success."
-snip-
More information about Bishop Ray Foster is found in the summary statement for the video given below as Example #6.

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FEATURED VIDEO EXAMPLES
These examples are presented in chronological order based on their posting date on YouTube with the oldest dated example given first.

Example #1: Bishop Ray Foster Watt Town 2013 # 3



Howard Beckford Published on Mar 8, 2013

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Example #2: Bishop Ray Foster Watt Town 2013 # 4



Howard Beckford, Published on Mar 8, 2013

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Example #3: Bishop Ray Foster Watt town 2013- Signing off



Howard Beckford, Published on Mar 8, 2013

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Example #4: Bishop Ray Foster Thanksgiving Table 2013 #1



Howard Beckford, Published on Mar 23, 2013

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Example #5: Bishop Ray Foster Thanksgiving Table 2013 # 2



Howard Beckford, Published on Mar 23, 2013

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Example #6: Revival Time Pt 4



Raphael Foster, Published on Jun 23, 2013

(WRP GOSPEL)
Top church in Jamaica

Sacred Heart Spiritual Church Of Jesus Christ

This Church is Sav-la-mar's hottest revival church featured Pastor the Reverend Bishop Ray Foster a leading voice in the community of Savanna-la-mar , Sacred heart Spiritual church of Jesus Christ is in existence for over 20 years and they have not given up on the quality of worship throughout the years its so pleasing to see how the young Bishop leads his church into the future, hailing from a musical/actor background the pastor is a master at what he does, son of Lindel Foster who when he was young was a Actor in a few plays and a master guitar player and singer , The Bishop Ray Foster get most of his dads good looks and charm also his musical talent , Ray have been in church since he was a kid , you could say he grown up in the church, a disciple of the Sam Sterling era, he Sam Sterling is a grandmaster in this line of worship , even I who is not a Christian admires him, Ray the son of veteran and now leader in her own rights Hazel Green is the head corner stone of the Bishop Ray Foster up bringing and guidance throughout his now vibrant career as a minister so if you passing through sav any time just checkout the church located at 54 Cooke St. Sav-la-mar Westmoreland Jamaica W.I. for CD's and video clips of sermons check www.wildgeeseproduction.com or call 514 726 3361 God Bless you all.

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Example #7: Bishop Ray Foster old Time Revival 2014 #1



Howard Beckford, Published on Feb 1, 2014

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Example #8: Bishop Ray Foster Watt Town 2014 #1



Howard Beckford, Published on Mar 8, 2014

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Example #9: Bishop Ray Foster / youth convention 1st day 1.



Howard Beckford, Published on Aug 18, 2014

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Example #10: Bishop Ray Foster / in worship healing night



Howard Beckford, Published on Aug 27, 2014

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Tuesday, January 27, 2015

"People Of Color" Doesn't Mean The Same Thing As "Colored People"

Edited by Azizi Powell

As an African American who was born in 1947, I remember when Black Americans preferred to be called "Colored" and/or "Colored People".

The term "Colored" can still be found in the name for the United States' largest civil rights organization "The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" (NAACP). However, along with the racial referent "Negro", "Colored" and "Colored people" were retired in the 1960s and replaced with the referents "black" (or "Black" with an upper case "b") and "Afro-American". And by at least the 1980s, "Afro-American" was replaced by the referent "African American". To be clear, the terms "Negro", "Colored people", and Afro-American" are no longer acceptable formal or informal referents for Black Americans.

"Black" (or "black") and "African American" are sometimes used interchangeably. However, in my opinion, "African American" is the more formal term. That said, "Black American" is actually a much larger referent than "African American" because "Black American" includes people of some African descent living in the United States who aren't African American (such as people of some African descent from the Caribbean, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa).

Note: I know that "America" means more than "United States". However, I'm limiting "American" to a person from the United States for the purpose of these comments.

The referent "People of Color" may have been used prior to the early 2000s, but I first became aware of it about four years ago. "People of Color" doesn't mean the same thing as "Colored People". "People of Color" means all those races and ethnicities (with "ethnicity" here meaning Latino/Hispanic) who are not White.

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Person_of_color
"Person of color (plural: people of color, persons of color) is a term used primarily in the United States to describe any person who is not white. The term encompasses all non-white groups, emphasizing common experiences of racism. The term is not equivalent in use to "colored", previously used in the US as a term for African Americans only.

People of color was introduced as a preferable replacement to both non-white and minority, which are also inclusive, because it frames the subject positively; non-white defines people in terms of what they are not (white), and minority frequently carries a subordinate connotation.[1] Style guides for writing from American Heritage,[2] the Stanford Graduate School of Business,[3] Mount Holyoke College,[4] recommend the term over these alternatives. It may also be used with other collective categories of people such as students of color, men of color and women of color. Person of color typically refers to individuals of non-European heritage.[5]"
-snip-
The South African racial referent "Coloured" has a different meaning than the term "Colored" did in the United States.
From http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/126829/Coloured
"Coloured, formerly Cape Coloured, a person of mixed European (“white”) and African (“black”) or Asian ancestry, as officially defined by the South African government from 1950 to 1991...

In early 20th-century South Africa, the word “Coloured” was a social category rather than a legal designation and typically indicated a status intermediate between those who were identified as “white” and those who were identified as “black.” The classification was largely arbitrary, based on family background and cultural practices as well as physical features...

The designation “Coloured” and all restrictions based upon it were abolished in the 1990s as the apartheid system was dismantled and the legal classification system was abandoned."
-snip-
These comments about "Colored" and "People Of Color" are prompted by White British actor Benedict Cumberbatch's use of "colored" as a referent for Black actors during "The Tavis Smiley Show", a PBS (Public Broadcasting Station) television show which aired on January 26, 2015. Tavis Smiley is an African American male. After that show, Cumberbatch apologized for his use of the outdated term "colored".
From http://talkingpointsmemo.com/livewire/benedict-cumberbatch-tavis-smiley-apology
By Tracy Walsh, Published, January 27, 2015, 1:23 PM EST
"British actor Benedict Cumberbatch apologized Monday for using the term "colored" on the "Tavis Smiley" show last week during a discussion about diversity in the film industry, CNN reported.

The star of "The Imitation Game" and "Sherlock" was discussing the barriers that black actors face when seeking roles in the United Kingdom versus the United States when he used the term.

“I think as far as colored actors go, it gets really different in the UK," he said, adding: "A lot of my friends have had more opportunities here [in America] than in the UK, and that’s something that needs to change.”

The British anti-racist organization Show Racism the Red Card criticized Cumberbatch for using the "outdated" term while applauding his overall comments on diversity, according to CNN.

The actor offered a contrite statement to People Monday:
I'm devastated to have caused offense by using this outmoded terminology. I offer my sincere apologies. I make no excuse for my being an idiot and know the damage is done. I can only hope this incident will highlight the need for correct usage of terminology that is accurate and inoffensive. The most shaming aspect of this for me is that I was talking about racial inequality in the performing arts in the U.K. and the need for rapid improvements in our industry when I used the term."...
-snip-
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?x-yt-ts=1422327029&v=lYt-K8h3gbw&x-yt-cl=84838260#t=1497 for a YouTube video of that segment. The conversation about race starts at 22:31.

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I agree with a number of people who have complimented Benedict Cumberbatch for his comments in support of diversity and also for offering a real apology instead of one in which he didn't take ownership of his misspeak.

A few commenters who posted on a TBM online discussion about Cumberbatch's apology (http://forums.talkingpointsmemo.com/t/discussion-benedict-cumberbatch-apologizes-for-referring-to-black-actors-as-colored-im-devastated/16013 suggested that he may have meant to say "People of Color" instead of "Colored People", for example here's a comment from a blogger posting under the name theghostofeustacetilley
"This is the "polite" term my grandmother used to use for black folks. Not that it makes any difference, and what an awesome apology, but perhaps he meant to say people of color."
-snip-
It should be noted that Benedict Cumberbatch didn't offer the excuse that he meant "People Of Color" instead of "Colored People", although that would have been somewhat of an easy out for his misspeak. I think when that British actor said "Colored" he was using an outdated referent for
"Black".

Here are several additional comments from that discussion that I found interesting:
Bill​FromPA
"I'm a little surprised that a younger person used this outdated term. I was born in 1950 and 'colored' was the polite term to use if you needed to refer to an African American. Personally I've had to adjust my vocabulary a few times over the years. Carlin did a bit back in the 70s in which he said, 'Years ago a white person might have a black say, Who you callin' Black?' Now it's ,'Hey, who you callin' Colored?'."

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NC​Steve
"FWIW, that word "colored" has a slightly different carload of baggage coming from someone who's British than it does coming from an American. Not less unsavory, but different."

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sweetdee
"This is the first I'm actually hearing about this, but I agree. It would bother me if someone referred to me as "colored", but my grandfather until his death in 1997 referred to himself and his children and grand children as Negro or colored."

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Plucky​InKY
"I have never been to the UK, but I had a British supervisor years ago who used the same term. I pointed out that using "colored" can get him in big trouble in the States. He was bewildered and very apologetic. I'm guessing "colored" is a term that is far more offensive in the US because of our history of racial struggles, particularly Jim Crow. "Colored" is a reminder of the pain of segregation and the struggle for equality. In any event, he sounds like a very good person who was caught up in a conversation and used an outdated term. He very sincerely apologized and that's all that matters."
-snip-
As to PluckyInKy's theory that "Colored" was retired because it is "a reminder of
the pain of segregation and the struggle for equality", I think that the real reason why "Colored" was retired in the United States was because we (Black Americans) wanted a referent that was geographically based like most other referents (for instance, German, Italian, British, Asian etc.)
Be that as it may, as Cumberbatch wrote in his apology that was published in People magazine, his misspeak provided an opportunity to discuss racial terminologies.

Thanks, Benedict Cumberbatch!

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RELATED LINK
http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2011/09/why-we-call-ourselves-african-american.html "Why We Call Ourselves African American"

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