Tuesday, April 2, 2024

Counter-Clockwise Movements In Jamaican Revival Band Services And In African American Ring Shout & Easter Rock Services

Kaiona Royal Ministry, Mar 20, 2024

Edited by Azizi Powell

Latest update - April 4, 2024

This pancocojams post showcases four videos from Jamaica and four videos from the United States that document people moving counter-clockwise during their religious services.

The content of this post is presented for historical, folkloric, cultural, religious, and educational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos and thanks to the producers and publishers of these videos on YouTube.
This post is part of an ongoing pancocojams series on African cosmology, and particularly Bakongo cosmology and counterclockwise movement in African Diaspora cultures, especially African Diaspora dance.

Click for a 2013 pancocojams post entitled "African American Ring Shouts (Origins & Video Examples)".

That post includes information about the Kongo Cosmogram, information & videos of about ring shouts. 

Click the "counter-clockwise dance traditions" tag below for more pancocojams posts in this series.

Excerpt #1



: in a direction opposite to that in which the hands of a clock rotate as viewed from in front"

Excerpt #2

[Numbers added for referencing purposes only.]

1. Assistant Bot, Nov 29, 2023
"In many magical traditions, the direction in which energy moves is significant. Clockwise motion is often associated with invoking, building, and creating energy, while counterclockwise motion is associated with banishing, releasing, and dispersing energy. These associations are often used in spells, rituals, and prayers to align the practitioner's intentions with the movement of energy.

As for the hemispheres, magical practices can vary between cultures and traditions, so the significance of clockwise vs counterclockwise motion may differ based on specific belief systems. However, the general concept of invoking and banishing energy tends to be consistent across different magical traditions.

It's important to note that the interpretation of these movements can vary, and practitioners may have different perspectives on their significance. Additionally, individual beliefs and personal practices can also influence the interpretation of directional movements in magic."

Monte Plaisance, 2020
Practitioner, Author and Purveyor of all things Occult, 2020
"When moving in a clockwise direction, one moves in-line with the physical world (sunwise) and thus by mimicking the motion of the sun you move towards enlightenment. By moving in a counter-clockwise motion you move against the tide of light and physicality and evoke energies of the otherworldly. For myself, I circle and motion clockwise for rituals of light and the opposite for rituals of darkness. The symbolism is clear.

In the Southern Hemisphere the magnetic cycles are opposite from the north, but the sun still rises in the east and sets in the west, so the motions should remain the same."

3. John Cryan
Research Biologist/immunologist/molecular Biology (1979–present), 2020
" "Clockwise" in magical is classically associated with the direction of the sun, beginning in the east (3:00) and moving west (to 9:00) and then continuing around to reach east again. This is the same in both hemispheres.

Moving deosil (clockwise) is often associated with invoking and binding, while moving widdershins (counterclockwise) is associated with banishing and in binding).

4. Richard McGinnis
 Wiccan high priest, 2020
"The vast majority of circles used in magick ceremonies are cast clockwise. This is also called sunwise or Deosil.

Almost all exceptions to that custom involve drawing circles that involve banishment of evil influences.

Excerpt #4
From At a Planetary Crossroads: Contemplative Wisdom of Black Geographies" by Naya Jones, Posted on April 16, 2021

….”The Cosmogram in Use 

In African Traditional Religions, especially as they exist in the diaspora, anti-clockwise circular movement has high significations and relevance to drawing down spirits. In many places, walking the dikenga is practiced today as a way of opening ritual, meditation and connecting to God.“…

These examples don't mean that these are the only past or current examples of counter-clockwise religious movements in Jamaican or in the United States.

These videos are given in no particular order and are numbered for referencing purposes only,

This video is embedded at the top of this post. 

SHOWCASE VIDEO #2 - Revival Bands in Watt Town, St. Ann, Jamaica

It Is So, Feb 24, 2010

First quarter in March, various  Revival groups ('bands') visit Watt Town for a holy and spiritual convocation.  This video features some of the headress styles...called trubans.

SHOWCASE VIDEO #3 -Drilling On Watt Town Seal Ground

It Is So, Feb 24, 2010

Bands drilling on Watt Town church's seal.  The clip features the feet movement.  This took place in Watt Town, St. Ann, Jamaica

SHOWCASE VIDEO #4 -  Zion Sweet Bad EnuhπŸ’❤️πŸ’šπŸ’›πŸ™‼️When We All Come Together As One And Lift Up The Name Of Jesus πŸ™

Kaiona Royal Ministry, Mar 22, 2024


These videos are given in no particular order and are numbered for referencing purposes only,

SHOWCASE VIDEO #1 - Dance 111 - Ring Shout

Bob Boross -My Jazz and Tap Dance Life, Jan 25, 2023

SHOWCASE VIDEO #2 - McIntosh County Shouters "Jubilee"

Africana Digital Ethnography Project, June 27, 2023 

SHOWCASE VIDEO #3 - Easter Rock Ceremony 2013

64 Parishes,  Mar 16, 2015

A video of an Easter Rock ceremony in Winnsboro, 2013.

SHOWCASE VIDEO #3 - Winnsboro Easter Rock Part 2


dooney05, Apr 8, 2012

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