Edited by Azizi Powell
This pancocojams post showcases three videos of the Tuareg musical group Tinariwen from Mali, West Africa.
The Addendum to this post presents information about Tinariwen, information about Amazigh people (Berbers) and information about Tuareg people, "a large Berber ethnic confederation."
The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.
All copyrights remain with their owners.
Thanks to Tinariwen for their musical legacy. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.
Example #1: Tinariwen (Algérie/Algeria) | Concert d'ouverture de la Coupe du Monde 2010 (Part 1)
lekabyle45, Published on Jun 11, 2010
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEpm6fH4lkM for Part 2 of this performance at the (soccer/football) World Cup 2010 in South Africa.
There's often considerable back & forth comment exchanges in the Tinariwen YouTube discussion threads about whether the group is from Mali or Algeria. Here are a few comments from the discussion thread for Part 2 of this performance (Google translations from French to English or from Arabic to English are given after the comments)
alger kouba, 2013
"Tinariwen est un groupe malien , mais qui s'est constitué en Algérie en 1979-1980, car ils ont vécu plusieurs années à Tamenraset. C'est pour ça qu'il arborent l'emblème national algérien."
"Tinariwen is a Malian group, but it was formed in Algeria in 1979-1980 because they lived for several years in Tamenraset. That's why he wears the Algerian national emblem."
Fatiha Titay, 2015
"والله ما فهمتش واشنو هدا من مالي ماشي من الجزائر نسيثو بلي الشعب الازاوادي وبصفة عامة الشعب الامازيغي كان شعب واحد يجول ويسوج في شمال افريقيا بدون حدود جغرافية لانه لا توجد حدود ثقافيييية تفو على الستعمار الئ وضع الحدودالجغرافية وغرس فينا النزعة الجهوية فرق تسد"
"And God, what is the meaning of Wacheno, this is from Mali, who walks from Algeria. The people of Azzawadi were humiliated. In general, the Amazigh people were a single people roaming and weaving in North Africa without geographical borders because there are no cultural boundaries that deviate from colonialism. The establishment of geographical borders and the instigation of regionalism."
mad al, 2017
"Le leader du groupe est né en mali mais a déménagé en algérie à l'age de 4 ans et y'a vécu pendant plus de 30 ans , c'est là où le groupe s'était formé"
"The leader of the group was born in Mali but moved to Algeria at the age of 4 and lived there for more than 30 years, this is where the group was formed"
donyamalak lolo, 2017
"mali ou l'algeire nous sommes tous des freres !!let's just enjoy the music"
mali or l'algeire we are all brothers !! let's just enjoy the music"
Example #2: Tinariwen - TENERE TAQQIM TOSSAM
antirecords, Published on Jun 9, 2011
Click https://genius.com/Tinariwen-tenere-taqqim-tossam-jealous-desert-lyrics for an English translation for this song. Here's information about that song from that same website:
"This song expresses Tinariwen’s love and admiration for the desert. It also begins to show a sound that is embodied in the rest of the album as well.
This song also features Tunde Adebimpe from TV on the Radio."
Example #3: Tinariwen - "Iswegh Attay"
antirecords, Published on Jan 6, 2012
This video includes English captions for this song's lyrics.
Here are three comments from this video's discussion thread:
Caecilius Of North Africa, 2016
"Greeting from Morocco to all our north african brothers and sisters, one day we shall all be united in Tamzgha."
fronton le sage, 2016
"amazigh united forever"
Broken Pieces, 2016
"Azul my brother. One day it will. please pray for us in the north that someday there will be peace and that we can be free men again. Amazigh for life"
INFORMATION ABOUT TINARIWEN
"Tinariwen (Tamasheq..."deserts", plural of ténéré "desert") is a Grammy Award-winning group of Tuareg musicians from the Sahara Desert region of northern Mali. The band was formed in 1979 in Tamanrasset, Algeria, but returned to Mali after a cease-fire in the 1990s. The group first started to gain a following outside the Sahara region in 2001 with the release of The Radio Tisdas Sessions, and with performances at Festival au Désert in Mali and the Roskilde Festival in Denmark. Their popularity rose internationally with the release of the critically acclaimed Aman Iman in 2007. NPR calls the group "music's true rebels," AllMusic deems the group's music "a grassroots voice of rebellion," and Slate calls the group "rock 'n' roll rebels whose rebellion, for once, wasn't just metaphorical."
Tinariwen was founded by Ibrahim Ag Alhabib, who at age four witnessed the execution of his father (a Tuareg rebel) during a 1963 uprising in Mali. As a child he saw a western film in which a cowboy played a guitar. Ag Alhabib built his own guitar out of a tin can, a stick and bicycle brake wire. He started to play old Tuareg and modern Arabic pop tunes. Ag Alhabib first lived in Algeria in refugee camps near Bordj Badji Mokhtar and in the deserts around the southern city of Tamanrasset, where he received a guitar from a local Arab man. Later, he resided with other Tuareg exiles in Libya and Algeria.
In the late 1970s, Ag Alhabib joined with other musicians in the Tuareg rebel community…. While the group had no official name, people began to call them Kel Tinariwen, which in the Tamashek language translates as "The People of the Deserts" or "The Desert Boys."
Since 2001 Tinariwen have toured regularly in Europe, North America, Japan, and Australia; often appearing at large world music/alternative festivals like Glastonbury, Coachella, Roskilde, Les Vieilles Charrues, WOMAD, FMM Sines, and Printemps de Bourges. Tinariwen gained more attention overseas in 2004, with their first UK performance at the largest free African music festival in the country, Africa Oye. Their 2004 album Amassakoul ("The Traveller" in Tamashek) and its 2007 follow-up Aman Iman ("Water Is Life" in Tamashek) were released worldwide…. In 2005 Tinariwen received a BBC Award for World Music, and in 2008 they received Germany’s prestigious Praetorius Music Prize.
Further international success (2010–present)
In 2010, Tinariwen represented Algeria in the opening ceremony of the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. They completed 24 performances in the United States of America late in the year.
The band released their fifth album Tassili on August 30, 2011.[14…. The album later won the Award for Best World Music Album at the 54th Grammy Awards.
The Tinariwen sound is primarily guitar-driven in the style known as assouf among the Tuareg people. The Tinariwen guitar style has its roots in West African music, specifically that from the "great bend" region along the Niger River, between Timbuktu and Gao. The core elements of Tinariwen's music are traditional Tuareg melodies and rhythms including those played on the shepherd's flute, which is primarily a man's instrument; and those played on a one-string fiddle known as an imzad which is played by women. The primary percussion instrument is the tindé drum which is played by women at festive occasions. Another important traditional influence is the lute known as the teherdent, which is played by the griots of the Gao and Timbuktu regions. In the late 1970s, when the founding members of Tinariwen started playing acoustic guitars, they played a traditional repertoire adapted to the western guitar.
Other regional influences include Berber music from northern Algeria, especially radical Kabyle singers like Ait Menguellet and Ferhat; the pop sounds of electrified rai music of Algeria; pop singers from Algeria like Rabah Driassa; pop groups from Morocco like Nass El Ghiwane and Lemchaheb with their lute and mandol riffs; the classical pop of Egypt; and even Bollywood music. Tinariwen was also influenced by traditional Malian musicians, the most famous of which was Ali Farka Toure. In the early years of the collective's history, the members were also fans of bootlegged albums by western acts that had made their way to the Tuareg people, with favorites including albums by Dire Straits, Santana, Led Zeppelin, Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Kenny Rogers and Don Williams.
While the Tinariwen style is possibly a distant relative of blues music, via West African music, members of Tinariwen claim to have never heard actual American blues music until they began to travel internationally in 2001.
Tinariwen is a collective of singers, songwriters, and musicians who come together in different combinations to play concerts and to record. This is because of the nomadic lifestyle of the Tuareg people and the difficulties of transportation and communication in the Sahara region. The group has never brought exactly the same line-up on its international tours, though several members tour regularly.
Origin Tessalit, Mali
Genres Tishoumaren, world, blues, folk, rock
Years active 1979–present"
INFORMATION ABOUT AMAZIGH
"Berber, self-name Amazigh, plural Imazighen, any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauretania. They speak various Amazigh languages belonging to the Afro-Asiatic family related to Ancient Egyptian. At the turn of the 21st century, there were perhaps 14 million in Morocco, 9 million in Algeria, and much smaller numbers in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and Mauretania; in the Sahara of southern Algeria and of Libya, Mali and Niger, the Berber Tuareg number about 1 million."...
INFORMATION ABOUT TUAREG PEOPLE
"The Tuareg people .... spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation. They principally inhabit the Sahara in a vast area stretching from far southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. Traditionally nomadic pastoralists, small groups of Tuareg are also found in northern Nigeria.
The Tuareg speak the Tuareg languages (also known as Tamasheq), which belong to the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family.
... A semi-nomadic Muslim people, they are believed to be descendants of the Berber natives of North Africa. The Tuaregs have been one of the ethnic groups that have been historically influential in the spread of Islam and its legacy in North Africa and the adjacent Sahel region.
Regions with significant populations [of Tuaregs]
Niger - 2,116,988
Mali - 536,557
Burkina Faso - 370,738
Algeria - 25,000-150,000
Tunisia - 2,000 (nomadic)
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