Edited by Azizi Powell
This pancocojams post presents information about the Southern African island nation of Mauritius and information about Sega music.
This post also showcases a YouTube video of Mauritian Sega music singer Alain Ramanisum
Selected comments from this video's discussion thread are also featured in this post.
Thanks to Alain Ramanisum for his musical legacy and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publisher of this video on YouTube.
INFORMATION ABOUT MAURITIUS
"Mauritius ... is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of Mauritius, and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Port Louis.
Formerly a Dutch colony (1638–1710) and a French colony (1715–1810), Mauritius became a British colonial possession in 1810 and remained so until 1968, the year in which it attained independence. The British crown colony of Mauritius once included the current territories of Mauritius, Rodrigues, the outer islands of Agaléga, St. Brandon, Chagos Archipelago, and Seychelles. The Mauritian territories gradually devolved with the creation of a separate colony of Seychelles in 1903 and the excision of the Chagos Archipelago in 1965.
Official statistics on ethnicity are not available, as such questions were removed from the population census in 1972. Mauritius is a multiethnic society, drawn from Indian (mostly Bihari)*, African, Chinese and European (mostly French) origin.
As both an English-speaking and French-speaking nation, Mauritius is a member of both the Commonwealth of Nations and the Francophonie. The Mauritian constitution makes no mention of an official language.
The Mauritian population is multilingual; while Mauritian Creole is the mother tongue of most Mauritians, most people are also fluent in English and French; they tend to switch languages according to the situation. French and English are favoured in educational and professional settings while Asian languages are used mainly in music, religious and cultural activities. The media and literature are primarily in French.
The Creole language, derived mainly from French (a French-based Creole) with influences from the other dialects, is spoken by the majority of the population and is the country's native language."...
The major musical genre of Mauritius is Sega music, other musical genres are its fusion genre, Seggae and Bhojpuri songs."...
*Here's information about the referent "Bihari" from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biharis
"The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar. Bihari people can be separated into three main ethnic groups, Bhojpuris, Maithils and Magahis with other smaller groups also being present like the Koch Rajbongshi people."...
INFORMATION ABOUT SEGA MUSIC
"Sega (French: Séga) is one of the major music genres of Mauritius, the others being its fusion genre Seggae and Bhojpuri songs. It has origins in the music of slaves on the island, and is usually sung in creole. Sega is also a popular music on the islands of Agalega and Rodrigues as well as Réunion and Seychelles, though the music and dances differs and it is sung in these islands' respective creole languages. In the past, the Sega music was made only with traditional instruments like ravanne and triangle, it was sung to protest against injustices in the Mauritian society, this particular version of the Sega is known as Santé engagé.
The music's traditional form was largely improvised and intensely emotional and expressed the tribulations of a subjugated, initially enslaved, people. It is primarily dance music but was also used for dirges and as part of traditional exorcisms.
Sega music originated among the slave populations of Mauritius, it then appeared in Réunion and later spread throughout the Seychelles. It is usually in 6/8 tempo and has an associated dance form.
Sega's exact origins outside the islands are unknown. However, it is understood to have Afro-Malagasy roots and be a fusion of African or Malagasy music with European music. The European influence includes folk dance music like polka, waltz and quadrilles.
Gatan Benoit suggested that sega came from Madagascar and Boswell notes there may be a link between sega and famadihana, a Merina death ritual. Arago instead identifies it with (t)chéga from Mozambique. He states that it is similar to the fandango and chica (dance) from Brazil whose origins are in African music from Mozambique and Angola. It was termed "African" by sega musician Jacques Cantin.
SHOWCASE VIDEO: Alain Ramanisum - Aooo natcho - Clip officiel
Your Zouk TV Published on Dec 22, 2016
Statistics as of November 19, 2017 (at 6:40 EST)
Total number of views- 2,502,556
Total number of likes (thumbs up)-9K
Total number of dislikes (thumbs down)-1K
Total number of comments- 464
This is the only information in English that I could find online about Alain Ramanisum:
"Alain Ramanisum is a Indo-Mauritian sega musician. He is most popular for his up-beat song "Li tourner", performed in the Mauritian Creole language."
Here are selected comments from this video's discussion thread. Numbers are assigned for referencing purposes only.
All of these comments are from 2017.
1. Vishal Oree
"Excellent song about the diversity of our culture, the respect between the different communities present on the island and above all the universal love we have for our beloved folklore! Well written, well sung, great video, a masterpiece! 🎶🎶🎶🌺❤🇲🇺"
"Mauritius is a melting-pot of different cultures and languages and Alain Ramanisum's songs represent this beauty.."
3. Shah Khan
"its just wonderful.... dont know who are the lucky people who got their real wedding picturised in this clip, seems a real one.... dont know if this is staged specially for the track!! Raj and Mala are lucky couple !"
4. Possum Anouva
"Shah Khan its all staged :)"
5. olivier brunelJC
"ce mélange de culture une force de ile maurice ! un exemple pour les pays occidentaux."
Google translate from French to English
"this mixture of culture a force of Mauritius! an example for western countries."
6. rick Jokhoo
"Proud to be a Mauritian! This music enhanced our multi cultural society. hats off Alain!!! Keep it up 😊"
9. lady Yumi
"Tons & Tons of LIKES and thumbs up to this song !!!
#Alainramanissum, u nailed it !! :-*"
10. Shah Khan
"This clip enhances the track!! it suits sop very well.... the perfect situation for the wordings of the sega!! hats off Alain Ramanisum"
11. Thoophany Mariam Fazila
"whoah!!!!!👍👍👍✌✌✌ every morning when i woke up i realy b thnkfull to God for having Blessed this beautiful rainbow island n its multicultural poeple which is wonderful n awesome** THANKS GOD**
for granting us mauritian........B HAPPY n HAPPY NEW YEAR to the NATIONAL😁😃😆👋✌👈"
12. Raman kumar
"best of the best @Alain_Ramanisum <3 <3"
13. Said Ali Abdou
"Super Séga Mauricien"
14. Thoophany Mariam Fazila
"Bravo 👏👏👏 Alain tu es le representent d notre drapeau 👍👍👍👌👌👌✌✌✌🌟🌟🌟"
**** VIVE ILE MAURICE ****
Google translate to French to English
"Alain you are the representative of our flag
Long live Mauritius"
"Sh&t* sonnnn 0:38 badman Alain walks in like a boss"
*This word is fully spelled out in this comment.
"sega fire dan bazz meme laa"
17. Nagila Pillay
18. Priyanka Ramdeehul
"proud to be mauritian"
19. remy ravanah
"very nice song and dance"
20. Henri Alad
"j adore le sega ! merci !"
Google translate from French to English:
I love Sega! Thank you.
21. lola chanel
"Mi adore.salam de la reunion"
Google translate from French to English
I love it. Salam from Reunion.
22. Shreya Seegoolam
Google from French to English: pretty song
23. myrose trille
"Mon chanteur préfère Alain c'est ou le top a la Réunion !!!!!"
The favorite singer Alain is on the top in Reunion !!!!!
24. Ramburuth Anshika
"this song is amazing"
25. Taroon Beegadhur
"Mauritian Vibes... Mauritian Pride.... Awesomeness"
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