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Monday, March 12, 2012

Che Che Kule - Origin, Lyrics, & Videos

Edited by Azizi Powell

Shay Shay Koolay



Posted by ElanaMichele/ November 03, 2008
[South African children performing "Kye Kye Kule".

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This post features several text versions & videos of the song which may be most widely known worldwide as "Che Che Kule".

ORIGIN
"Che Che Kule" is a traditional children's game song from Ghana, West Africa. That song's title is "Kye Kye Kule". Both titles are pronounced "Chay Chay KOO-lay".

Here's a comment from a guest on a discussion thread that I started on "Che Che Kule":
"Subject: RE: Kye Kye Kule {Che Che Kulay}
From: GUEST
Date: 03 Feb 10 - 06:43 PM

Im from ghana and I have to say that Kofi is a ghana name and alot of the words in the song i can understand. I have been singing this song since I was a child. My mother knows it, my grandmother knows it and my great grand mother knows It. I recently caught the spanish verson on the radio and started singing along right away. I was very surprised someone else from another part of the world had made a song with my childhood play song. The song has been around for a least a few centuries Its not surprising that there have been different versions made."
http://www.mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=108069 [Hereafter given as Mudcat "Che Che Kule"]

Editor: "Kofi" is an Akan (language/ethnic group from Ghana, West Africa and Côte d’Ivoire) personal name that means "male born on Friday". Notice the various versions of "kofi sa" that are found in the examples given below.

Click http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akan_namesfor information on Akan day names.

LYRICS AND PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES
Example #1
Kye kule
Kye kye kule.
Kye kye kofi sa x2
kofi salanga x2
Salatilanga x2
kum ayede , kumayede , kumayede
[Source: information given to Azizi Powell by request from Ghanaian man whose name I don't recall; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1980s]

Performance: Hide & Seek game
For more information on the performance information & the meaning of some of the words to this song, visit Mudcat "Che Che Kule"

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Example #2
Kyekule,
Kyekyekule.
Kyekye kofi sa x2
Kofi salanga x2
Salatilanga x2
kum ayede , kumayede , kumayede
[Source: information given to Azizi Powell by request from Nana Kwesi Afriya, from Ghana (Akan) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2004]

Performance: Ring Game (similar to how "Duck Duck Goose" is performed in the USA)
For more information on the words and the performance information that was shared with me, visit Mudcat "Che Che Kule"]

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Example #3
Che Che Kule
Che Che Kofisa
Kofisa Langa
Langa te Lange
Kum Adende
Kum Adende. Kum.
[Source: Pittsburgh Public School District, elementary music song book, mid 1990s]

Performance instruction: a children's movement game similar to how "Head & Shoulders" is played in the USA

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Example #4
Che Che Koolay
(an echo song from Africa)

Che Che Koolay , (Che Che Koolay)
Che Che Kofinsa, (Che Che Kofinsa)
Kofinsa langa, (Kofinsa langa)
Kata che langa, (Kata che langa)
Koom a dayn-day, (Koom a dayn-day),
Koom a dayn-day, (Koom a dayn-day),
Koom a dayn-day - HEY!

[Performance Activity]
Pat your head,
Wiggle your fingers,
Give your leg a shake
Pat your tummy
Bow down & welcome the day.
[Source: http://www.patana.ac.th/music/Year%201%20Show/Che_Che_Koolay.htm

COMMENTS ABOUT THE EXAMPLES GIVEN ABOVE
I received some information via email about the Ghanaian game "Kye Kye Kule" from a Ghanaian man, Johann Quarcoo, and a Ghanaian woman, Abena Gyebi who are both from & still residing in Ghana. Both of these informants confirm that "Kye Kye Kule" is a traditional Ghanaian children's game. Abena Gyebi wrote that she remembers this game from her childhood and indicated that it was considered a girls' game. Quacoo shared the following information about a Ghanaian children's program called "Kye Kye Kule" in one of the several emails that he sent me:

"Kyekye kule on national t.v (called Ghana T.V or GTV) was a children's programme, and it was so popular that I never for once missed an episode. It was hosted by an old teacher. It was filled with several other Ghanaian games".

Click this page of my Cocojams website: http://cocojams.com/content/childrens-game-songs-and-movement-rhymes for information about meaning of some words and information about the performance activities of the traditional children's game "Kye Kye Kule" that I received from those two informants.

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It appears that "Kye Kye Kule" is the only African song, or one of very few African songs that is included in music books or otherwise taught in various American schools (as per text examples and YouTube videos online, and as per my personal experience. The version given above as Example #4 appears to be the version that is most often known by Americans (in the United States).

OTHER VARIANT FORMS OF CHE CHE KULE

SALSA
Puerto Rican musician Willie Colón (born in the USA) and Puerto Rican vocalist Hector Lavoe recorded a version of "Che Che Cole" on several of his albums, including their 1967 "El Malo" album and the album "Cosa Nuestra". A video of that version is found below. Here's the chorus of that Salsa version:

Che che colé, (que bueno e'………)
Che che cofriza, (muerto e' la risa……)
Coqui saranga (ay viene la malanga……)
Caca chilanga, (viene de catanga……)
Ayeiyeee, (a ver e' tu lo ve………)

[as posted by Guest, ada in December 2008 on Mudcat: "Che Che Kule"]

Click
http://www.metrolyrics.com/che-che-cole-lyrics-marc-anthony.html
for Spanish words to the complete song as performed by Marc Anthony. That version includes the lines:
"Che che colé,
que bueno e
Che che cofiza,
muerto 'e la risa"

FOOT STOMPING CHEER
I observed one example of children's (African American girls) foot stomping cheer called "Shay Shay Kukalay" (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987. I have also collected several versions of foot stomping cheers called "J. J. Kool Aid". I believe that these cheers were based on the Ghanaian children's song "Kye Kye Kule" (although that doesn't appear to be known by those children). According to comments posted in that Mudcat thread on "Che Che Kule" that I started in 2008, Americanized versions of "Che Che Kule" were performed in various schools in the USA as early as the 1970s, often by African drumming & dance groups. It therefore isn't all that surprising that children would have created a cheer based on their memory of that song. Here's one example of those foot stomping cheers:

Soloist #1: Jay Jay Kukalay
Group: Jay Jay Kukalay
Soloist: #1 Salesah lahndah
Group: Salesah lahndah
Soloist #1: Step back, Shalanda (or "back, back Shalonda:)
Group: Step back, Shalanda
Soloist: #1 Oosh, my lover boy!
Group Oosh, my lover boy! (or "Oosh Oosh, my lover boy")
Soloist #1: I’m callin on,
I’m callin on
I’m callin on Rhonda!

[Immediately repeat the cheer from the beginning with a new soloist. Substitute the name or nickname of that soloist in the line "I'm callin on ____". Continue until every member of the group has had one turn as the soloist].
-African American girls, ages around 6-12 years (Lillian Taylor Summer Camp, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987) audio recorded by Tazi Powell, transcribed by Azizi Powell 1999

Click http://cocojams.com/content/foot-stomping-cheers-0 for more comments about this cheer, for an example of "J. J. Kool Aid", and for information about foot stomping cheers.

VIDEOS
Unfortunately, I have not yet found any videos of Ghanaian children singing or playing any "Kye Kye Kule" games. However, here's a sound file of the group Osibisa. I believe that it was this group's recording of "Kye Kye Kule" which first popularized that song outside of Ghana:

Example #1:
Osibisa - Che Che Kule (Heads)



Uploaded by Feralbt on Sep 16, 2008

Osibisa is a band, founded in London in the year 1969 by four African and three Caribbean musicians, who peaked in popularity in the 1970s. They were one of the first widely popular African bands.

-snip-
Osibisa was founded by Ghanaian musicians. Click http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osibisa for information about this Afro-Pop band.

-snip-

Fante (Fanti) is a language that is spoken by a group of the Akan people of Ghana. The Ashanti (Asante) may be the best known Akan people in the United States due to their production of colorful kinte cloth as well as their Sankofa symbol and other adinkra symbols.

"Highlife" is a type of music that originated in Ghana in the 1900s. Click http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghana for more information about Ghana. Also, click http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highlife for information about "highlife".

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Video #2: "Kye Kye Kule" performed by American children:

Che che koolay



Posted by rclcdj / June 04, 2009

"2009 P2 African Feast"

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Video #3: Shay Shay Koolay
This video is posted at the top of this page.

"Kye Kye Kule" performed by South African school children.

"Thina, Noroza, and Hope lead Shay Shay Koolay in the field behind Sivuyiseni. Check out www.artworkforyouth.com."

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Video #4: a Salsa version of "Che Che Kule"

Hector Lavoe and Willie Colon- "Che Che Cole" and "Machito"



Posted by jnyc101 / January 23, 2007

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Thanks for visiting this page.

Viewer comments are welcome.

4 comments:

  1. I love the version a group called Antibalas does. It wonderful. I am not surprized that che che kule made it all over the world. west african slaves were sent to puerto rico and then to north and south america. There are alot of west african traditions in north america. we may not always know thats where they come from but its true none the less.

    ReplyDelete
  2. LREM Murrell, thanks for your comment. I apologize for taking so long to respond. I just saw your comment this morning.:o(

    While I'm not surpised that cultural elements of African culture can be found in the USA and other parts of the "new world", I am delighted when the source/s of specific African songs or chants or other customs can be documented as is the case with "che che kule".

    Thanks for sharing information about the Antibales version of this song. Here's a link to a sound file of that version:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGn6VxvaVQU.

    Best wishes!

    ReplyDelete
  3. The first three lines (nonsense to this white K-3rd grader) were burned into my brain by, as I recall, a stern African American music teacher. Very catchy tune - at least the first 3 lines, the rest only rings dim bells. When, for whatever reason, our school got a new music teacher for 4th grade, I thought that was the last I'd hear of it. Imagine my surprise when, 30 years later, my kindergartener first child starts singing it at home. Took me a day of poking around to land here, but many thanks for explaining portions of what had been complete nonsense - but catchy nonsense!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Greetings, Anonymous Feb. 19, 2013!

      Thanks for your comment here and your longer comment that was sent to my cocojams website.

      I think that it's sad that there appears to be so few African songs that are taught in schools in the USA. That said, "Che Che Kule" is a good song to be added to those school's music curriculums. Yet it seems to me that the presentation about that song would be so much richer if music teachers or other teachers (for instance "social studies" teachers if that subject is even still taught) included the information that the song "Che Che Kule" came from a particular population in Ghana, West Africa AND that this song was picked up and changed by Salsa performers in Cuba and elsewhere. Such information would not only introduce children to the Salsa genre of music, but also impress upon them that while there may be a so called "standard version" of a particular song, people can use their creativity to create additional versions of that song, and even change the genre in which a song is performed.

      Also, regarding your comment about a canonical (standard) version of Che Che Kule, It also seems to me that there may be several canonical (standard) versions to this song depending on the nation one is in.

      And with regard to your question in your longer comment that was sent to my website, I think that it's likely that some of the words to this song have no meaning.

      You may be interested in this pancocojams post about another Ghanaian children's song which also appears to be taught to children in some USA schools:

      http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2012/03/videos-of-ghanaian-song-sansa-kroma.html Videos Of The Ghanaian Song "Sansa Kroma"

      Thanks again!

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