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Sunday, July 5, 2015

Old And New American Names Beginning In "Tyr" and "Ty" Besides "Tyrone"

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post presents lists of names which begin in "Tyr" or "Ty" from the collections of White American folklorist Newbell Niles Puckett and from the 1994 book Proud Heritage: 11,001 Names for your African –American Baby Eliza Dinwiddie-Boyd [Avon Books].

Those lists demonstrate that other names with the "Tyr" or "Ty" beginning element besides "Tyrone" were used by White Americans and by Black Americans. Those list also demonstrate that while the name "Tyrone" is much less popular than it used to be among all Americans*, names with the "Tyr" and "Ty" elements are still relatively popular, particularly among African Americans.

The content of this post is presented for etymological and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

This post is a companion to the pancocojams post "Cultural Influences On The Perception That "Tyrone" Is A "Black Name"" http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2015/07/cultural-influences-on-perception-that.html

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INFORMATION ABOUT NEWBELL NILES PUCKETT
From http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=PNN
"PUCKETT, NEWBELL NILES (8 July 1898-21 Feb. 1967), educator, sociologist, and folklorist, was born in Columbus, Miss., to Willis Newbell and Matilda (Boyd) Puckett. He received his B.S. (1918) from Mississippi College at Clinton, and his Ph.B. (1920), A.M. (1921), and Ph.D. (1925) from Yale University. In 1919 he was a hospital apprentice in the Navy, joining the sociology faculty of Western Reserve University in 1922. He was appointed professor in 1938, and was chairman of the Sociology Dept. from 1954-62.

Puckett's life was devoted to traditional folk cultures, from black studies to ethnic traditions, rural and urban. He studied naming practices, superstitions, folk beliefs, wit and humor, and religious beliefs on field trips to the Deep South, throughout Ohio, and into the Canadian wilderness. He was president of the Ohio and Cleveland folklore societies and elected a fellow of the American Folklore Society (1959). Puckett wrote Folk Beliefs of the Southern Negro (1926) and Names of American Negro Slaves (1937), and offered a pioneering course in black studies at WRU. He compiled detailed, extensive collections of data on "Black Names," "Religious Life of the Southern Negro," "Canadian Lumberjack Songs," and "Ohio Superstitions and Popular Beliefs." His papers, tapes, transcripts, and photographs are part of the Newbell Niles Puckett Memorial Gift deposited in the John G. White Collection of CLEVELAND PUBLIC LIBRARY..."

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SELECTED NAMES BEGINNING WITH "TYR" OR "TY" FROM PUCKETT'S COLLECTION
From http://cplorg.cdmhost.com/cdm/ref/collection/p4014coll9/id/450 "Unusual names, as collected by Newbell Niles Puckett"

Black Names in America: Origins and Usage Hardcover – 1975
by Newbell Niles Puckett (Author), Murray Heller (Editor)
Publisher: G. K. Hall; First edition. edition (1975)
"A compilation of Puckett's research notes on unusual American names, the material consists of four lists: Negro female names (32 pages), Negro male names 21 pages originally, one page lacking), white female names (16 pages), and white male names (11 pages). Puckett's unpublished research notes on names were a gift to the Cleveland Public Library, and were posthumously compiled and published in 1975 in the book Black names in America: origins and usage; collected by Newbell Niles Puckett. Edited by Murray Heller."

Black Females
Tyrnie
Tyra -3
Tyrie
-snip-
That list also includes the name "Thyra" which I believe is the source of or a form of the name "Tyra".
http://www.sheknows.com/baby-names/name/thyra
"The name Thyra is a Scandinavian baby name. In Scandinavian the meaning of the name Thyra is: Feminine name in honour of the Norse god of War, Tyr."

**
From http://www.sheknows.com/baby-names/name/tyra
"In Scottish the meaning of the name Tyra is: Land. Scandinavian Meaning: The name Tyra is a Scandinavian baby name. In Scandinavian the meaning of the name Tyra is: Of Tyr; god of battle."

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http://cplorg.cdmhost.com/cdm/ref/collection/p4014coll9/id/450
Black male names
Tyree- 4
Tyrie
Tyrue
Thynoid [Puckett's handwritten spelling correction; This may be "Thyroid".]

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http://cplorg.cdmhost.com/cdm/ref/collection/p4014coll9/id/450
White female names
Tybelle
Typhene

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http://cplorg.cdmhost.com/cdm/ref/collection/p4014coll9/id/450
White male names
Tyne
Tyras
Tyre
Tyree -2
Tyrus
-snip-
Pancocojams' Editor note:
For a person who is fascinated with names like I am, this website on Puckett's collection of American "unusual" names is a fascinating read. I'm particularly interested in the fact that Puckett found numerous non-standard names among White Americans, and and the fact that some of those names were the same or similar to the non-standard names that Black people had selected for themselves.

The pages that I read didn't indicate the century that those particular names were used, but I gathered that they were from the 17th, 18th, or 19th centuries.

No information on those pages indicate how those names were pronounced. However, it's likely that some of these names were probably pronounced the same way that they are now: i.e. "Tyree" and "Tyra". Nowadays, "Tyree" is considered to be a "Black male name" and I believe that it is usually pronounced "tie-REE". And nowadays "Tyra" is considered to be a Black female name and is usually pronounced "Tie-rah".

It seems to me that most American English words-including names- have the emphasis placed on the second syllable. But there are a number of exceptions to that rule. For example, I believe that many of the two syllable "newly created" names that are given below from the Proud Heritage name book have the emphasis placed on the second syllable (for instance, in my experience as a substitute elementary school teacher in a school that was 99% African American, the male name "Tyquan" is pronounced "tie-QUAN" and the male name "Tyreece" is pronounced "tie-REECE". By the way, that last name is part of the fairly large "ice" (eese) family of names (among African Americans). A female form of that name is "Cherise" (pronounced cher-REESe.)

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SELECTED NAMES BEGINNING WITH "TYR" OR "TY" FROM THE BOOK PROUD HERITAGE
Chapter: African Names: Male
p. 201
Tyehimba – Tiv: We stand as a nation
-snip-
Note: "Tyehimba" is the only traditional African language name beginning in "Ty" that was included in that book. That is also the only name beginning with "Ty" that was included in the 1972 book Names From Africa, Their Origin, Meaning, and Pronunciation (Johnson Publishing Company). In that book the male name "Tyehimba - tah-ee-heem-BAH – we stand as a nation" is found on page 73 and is said to come from the Tiv language of Nigeria.

This suggests that the "Tyr" and "Ty" sound preference* for African Americans didn't originated in Africa.

*pronounced "tie" (rhymes with "hi" and "by")

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Chapter: Newly created names for boys ("ty" names)*
page 228
Tyhim

Tyji

Tyjuan

Tylon

Tyquan

Tyree

Tyreece

Tyreef

Tyreel

Tyreen

Tyrelle

Tyren

Tyrenzo

Tyrill

Tyrin

Tyriq

Tyrrell

Tyshawn

Tyshon

Tywan
-snip-
*Some of these names are clearly variants of other names, for instance "Tyreel", "Tyrelle", "Tyrill", "Tyrrell" are variants of the name "Terrell". Also, for example, "Tyriq" is a variant of the Arabic name "Tarik" and "Tyshawn" and "Tyshon" are variants of the name "Shawn"/"Shon".

In addition, as Newbell Niles Puckett's collections demonstrates "Tyree" isn't a newly invented name. My position is that "Tyree" is a variant form of the Biblical name "Tyre" (the name of the Phoenician/Lebanese city). However, it could (also) be a Scottish male name (a form of the name for the god Tyr).

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Section: Newly created names for girls
page 453
Tychell

Tyesha

Tyiesha

Tyisha

Tykera

Tykidra

Tywonna

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ADDITIONAL "TY" NAMES FROM THOSE TWO SOURCES AND FROM OTHER SOURCES
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyler "tyler"
"Tyler is an English (old English) word which means door keeper of an inn[citation needed]. It is also thought to be a derived occupational name derived from “tiler”, one who makes tiles. It is used both as a surname, and as given name for both genders.[2]"

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Tyrese
Similar names that were included in the name book Proud Heritage (from Puckett's collection]

Female names
(page 370)
Treasie –This name appears among free black women, 1619-1799, but its origins are not known. It may be a form of Tracy. Also Tracy, Treey

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Trese- a rare name found in Puckett’s collection
-snip-
A famous African American named "Tyrese":
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrese_Gibson
"Tyrese Darnell Gibson (born December 30, 1978), also known simply as Tyrese, is an American Grammy-nominated R&B singer, songwriter, actor, author, television producer, former fashion model and MTV VJ. He is best known for his roles as Joseph "Jody" Summers in Baby Boy and as Roman Pearce in the The Fast and the Furious series. After releasing several albums, he transitioned into films, with lead roles in several major Hollywood releases."

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An Black male television character with this name:
From http://walkingdead.wikia.com/wiki/Tyreese_(TV_Series)
"Tyreese, nicknamed Ty by many of his companions, is a main character and survivor of the outbreak in AMC's The Walking Dead. He is the older brother of Sasha and was also the leader of a small group of survivors."

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This concludes this post.

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