Wednesday, April 1, 2015

The Zazzau Emirates, Northern Nigeria (music and scenes)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases five examples of music from and scenes of the Zazzau Emirates, Northern Nigeria.

Information about the Zazzau Emirates is included in this post.

The content of this post is presented for historical, cultural, entertainment and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these musical examples. Thanks also to the publishers of these examples on YouTube and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

The Zazzau, also known as the Zaria Emirate is a traditional state with headquarters in the city of Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. As of 2010 the emir was Alhaji Shehu Idris.[1]

Early Hausa kingdom
Our most important source for the early history of Zazau is a chronicle composed in the early twentieth century from oral tradition. It tells the traditional story of the foundation of the Hausa kingdoms by Bayajidda, a culture hero and gives a list of rulers, along with the length of their reigns. According to this chronology, the original Hausa or Habe kingdom is said to date from the 11th century, founded by King Gunguma.[2] This source also makes it one of the seven Hausa Bakwai states. Zazzau's most famous early ruler was Queen (or princess) Amina, who ruled either in the mid-fifteenth or mid-sixteenth centuries, and was held by Muhammed Bello, an early nineteenth century Hausa historian and the second Sultan of Sokoto, to have been the first to establish a kingdom among the Hausa.[3]

Zazzau was a collection point for slaves to be delivered to the northern markets of Kano and Katsina, where they were exchanged for salt with traders who carried them north of the Sahara.[4] According to the history in the chronicle, Islam was introduced to the kingdom around 1456, but appears to have spread slowly, and pagan rituals continued until the Fulani conquest of 1808. At several times in its history, Zazzau was subject to neighboring states such as Songhai, Bornu and Kwararafa.[5]

Later Fulani emirate
In December 1808 the kingdom was captured in the Fulani jihad.[6] The Hausa ruler had escaped to Abuja, where he established a state now known as the Suleja Emirate, retaining his independence and the title of "Sarkin Zazzau". The ruler of the modern Zazzau Emirate also uses the title "Sarkin Zazzau" or "Sarkin Zaria". After the jihad, the culturally similar but pastoral or nomadic Fulani intermarried with the more settled Habe farmers, and the people of the Emirate today are generally known as Hausa-Fulani. The government of the Zaria Emirate differed from other emirates created at this time in that offices were rarely hereditary, but were appointed based on merit or obligation.[5]"...

These examples are presented in chronological order based on their publishing date on YouTube with the oldest example given first.

Example #1: Wamban dawakin zazzau

aliyu suleiman, Uploaded on Jul 20, 2011

Zaria, zazzau, aminu pate, sarki zazzau

Rxample #2: zazzau praise singers

aliyu suleiman, Uploaded on Dec 27, 2011

praise singers during wamban dawaki's turbaning
Here's information about "turbaning" ceremonies from
[Turbaning] "This is a special Islamic ceremony reserved for special accomplishments that have significant effect on local villages.

... there is a lot of pomp and circumstance associated with the ceremony. During the ceremony a red cap is the placed on the head of the honoree and serves as a placeholder for the turban. White cloth is wrapped around the cap to shape the turban on the persons head. Special speeches are [given] by the distinguished guests. A reception follows with food and special dancing for entertainment."

Example #3: Eid El-Fitr Hawan Daushe, Zaria City

Tismen Nig, Published on Apr 6, 2013

Eid El-Fitr Hawan Daushe Celebration, Zaria City

Example #4: adam a zango sarkin zazzau

sani ali, Published on Aug 27, 2013

sabon salo
Muhammad Kabir Aliyu, 2015
"wannan waka tayi, one of Adam Zango's best song"

Example #5: Hawan daushe a garin zazzau

abdullahi usman Published on Oct 12, 2014

Hawan daushe a garin zazzau

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

No comments:

Post a Comment